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Acquisition of English Relative Clauses by Korean-speaking Learners of English

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Authors
Kang, Hyun-Sook
Issue Date
2014
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.50 No.3, pp. 739-766
Keywords
English relative clausesheadless relativeselicited imitationgrammaticality judgmentKorean-speaking learners of English
Abstract
This study investigated whether Korean-speaking learners of L2 English differentiate between lexically-headed relatives and headless relatives and demonstrate any preference between the two structures. It further examines whether learners acquire headless relativization in the order predicted by Keenan and Comrie’s (1977) NPAH hypothesis and its application in language acquisition (Comrie, 2007). To this end, data were collected from forty-seven adult Korean speakers (28 female; 19 male) ages 19-36 (with an average age of 25.8), using an elicited imitation task and a grammaticality judgment task. Results from the learners with different proficiency levels showed fewer errors in headless relatives than they did in lexically-headed relatives, regardless of the gap position (subject vs. direct object) and the nature of the test instruments. The learners further showed a subject advantage in the realm of headless relatives, which supports the validity of Keenan and Comrie’s NPAH hypothesis in the acquisition of English headless relativization.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/93749
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 50 Number 1/3 (2014)
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