S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
User Equilibrium-Based Location Model of Rapid Charging Stations for Electric Vehicles with Batteries That Have Different States of Charge
- Lee, Yong-Gwan; Kim, Hyo-Seung; Kho, Seung-Young; Lee, Chungwon
- Issue Date
- National Academy of Sciences
- Transportation research record, Vol.2454 No.2454, pp. 97-106
- A model was developed for the location of rapid charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) in urban areas, taking into account the batteries' state of charge and users' charging and traveling behaviors. EVs are one means of preparing for the energy crisis and of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To help relieve range anxiety, an adequate number of EV charging stations must be constructed. Rapid charging stations are needed in urban areas because there is inadequate space for slow-charging equipment. The objective function of the model is to minimize EVs' travel fail distance and the total travel time of the entire network when the link flow is determined by a user equilibrium assignment. The remaining fuel range (RFR) at the origin node is assumed to follow a probabilistic distribution to reflect users' charging behavior or technical development. The results indicate that the model described in this paper can identify locations for charging stations by using a probabilistic distribution function for the RFR. The location model, which was developed on the basis of user equilibrium assigmnent, is likely to consider the congested traffic conditions of urban areas, to avoid locating charging stations where they could cause additional traffic congestion. The proposed model can assist decision makers in developing policies that encourage the use of EVs, and it will be useful in developing an appropriate budget for implementing the plan.