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User Equilibrium-Based Location Model of Rapid Charging Stations for Electric Vehicles with Batteries That Have Different States of Charge

Cited 9 time in Web of Science Cited 10 time in Scopus
Authors
Lee, Yong-Gwan; Kim, Hyo-Seung; Kho, Seung-Young; Lee, Chungwon
Issue Date
2014-12
Publisher
National Academy of Sciences
Citation
Transportation research record, Vol.2454 No.2454, pp. 97-106
Keywords
공학
Abstract
A model was developed for the location of rapid charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) in urban areas, taking into account the batteries' state of charge and users' charging and traveling behaviors. EVs are one means of preparing for the energy crisis and of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To help relieve range anxiety, an adequate number of EV charging stations must be constructed. Rapid charging stations are needed in urban areas because there is inadequate space for slow-charging equipment. The objective function of the model is to minimize EVs' travel fail distance and the total travel time of the entire network when the link flow is determined by a user equilibrium assignment. The remaining fuel range (RFR) at the origin node is assumed to follow a probabilistic distribution to reflect users' charging behavior or technical development. The results indicate that the model described in this paper can identify locations for charging stations by using a probabilistic distribution function for the RFR. The location model, which was developed on the basis of user equilibrium assigmnent, is likely to consider the congested traffic conditions of urban areas, to avoid locating charging stations where they could cause additional traffic congestion. The proposed model can assist decision makers in developing policies that encourage the use of EVs, and it will be useful in developing an appropriate budget for implementing the plan.
ISSN
0361-1981
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/94239
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3141/2454-13
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering (건설환경공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_건설환경공학부)
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