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The Internal Supply-side causes for the Belated Rise of the Sweden Democrats

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Authors
Bin, Nansae; Yi, Okyeon
Issue Date
2015
Publisher
Korean Journal of International Studies
Citation
Korean Journal of International Studies, vol.13 no.1, pp. 263-290
Keywords
Sweden Democratsinternal supply-side factorsnormalizationopen immigration
Description
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Although historically regarded as an unsuccessful example of an anti-immigration
party, the far-right Sweden Democrats, or Swedish Democrats
(Sverigedemokraterna), a party with questionable linkages to neo-Nazism,
have grown visibly stronger at the national level since 2006. Then, in 2014,
the party finally became the third largest in the Swedish parliament, Riksdag,
largely due to the electoral appeal of its immigration-skepticism platform. This
study aims to explain how this anti-immigration party belatedly rose to power
by shedding light on party-centric, or internal supply-side factors-leadership,
in particular-which most research has underestimated thus far. In this paper,
we contend that the Sweden Democrats, after having gone through a ‘normalization’
or legitimization process, managed to overcome the ‘barrier of nonrespectability’
and offered a credible alternative to an inflammatory anti-immigration
rhetoric. In so doing, it successfully appealed to the portion of the
electorate who were immigration-skeptics, yet left unrepresented in the existing
Swedish political sphere. Indeed, the Sweden Democrats meticulously
highlighted a clear niche regarding open immigration in Sweden and turned
it to its electoral advantage. In this paper, we purport to furnish a qualitative
analysis along with an empirical examination to test the validity of the contending
hypotheses of internal supply-side factors.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/95207
DOI
https://doi.org/10.14731/kjis.2015.04.13.1.263
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Dept. of Political of Political Sciences and International Relations (정치외교학부)Political Science (정치학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정치학전공)
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