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Economic Crisis, Poverty, and the Emergence of Populism in Thailand

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Authors
Choi, Jungug
Issue Date
2005-06
Publisher
Institute of International Affairs, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.12 No.1, pp. 49-59
Keywords
PopulismNeoliberalismPovertyPolitical DeinstutionalizationThaksin
Abstract
Of the three Asian crisis economies that went under the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s stewardship, only Thailand has experienced a populist backlash. This study explores why the country opted for populism in the 2001 general election. It shows that absolute poverty was responsible for the rise of Thaksin’s populism. In more detail, the so-called Thaksin fever was strongly correlated to the region’s post-crisis poverty level, excepting the southern region. This study also tentatively concludes that, even though political variables such as political deinstitutionalization do not explain the establishment of a populist government, they still may explain its absence.
ISSN
1226-8550
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/96409
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)Journal of International and Area StudiesJournal of International and Area Studies vol.12 (2005)
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