S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_마취통증의학전공)
The involvement of protein kinase C-ε in isoflurane induced preconditioning of human embryonic stem cell - derived Nkx2.5+ cardiac progenitor cells
- Song, In-Ae; Oh, Ah-Young; Kim, Jin-Hee; Choi, Young-Min; Jeon, Young-Tae; Ryu, Jung-Hee; Hwang, Jung-Won
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Anesthesiology, 16(1):13
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Anesthetic preconditioning can improve survival of cardiac progenitor cells exposed to oxidative stress. We investigated the role of protein kinase C and isoform protein kinase C-ε in isoflurane-induced preconditioning of cardiac progenitor cells exposed to oxidative stress.
Cardiac progenitor cells were obtained from undifferentiated human embryonic stem cells. Immunostaining with anti-Nkx2.5 was used to confirm the differentiated cardiac progenitor cells. Oxidative stress was induced by H2O2 and FeSO4. For anesthetic preconditioning, cardiac progenitor cells were exposed to 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0 mM of isoflurane. PMA and chelerythrine were used for protein kinase C activation and inhibition, while εψRACK and εV1-2 were used for protein kinase C -ε activation and inhibition, respectively.
Isoflurane-preconditioning decreased the death rate of Cardiac progenitor cells exposed to oxidative stress (death rates isoflurane 0.5 mM 12.7 ± 9.3 %, 1.0 mM 12.0 ± 7.7 % vs. control 31.4 ± 10.2 %). Inhibitors of both protein kinase C and protein kinase C -ε abolished the preconditioning effect of isoflurane 0.5 mM (death rates 27.6 ± 13.5 % and 25.9 ± 8.7 % respectively), and activators of both protein kinase C and protein kinase C - ε had protective effects from oxidative stress (death rates 16.0 ± 3.2 % and 10.6 ± 3.8 % respectively).
Both PKC and PKC-ε are involved in isoflurane-induced preconditioning of human embryonic stem cells -derived Nkx2.5+ Cardiac progenitor cells under oxidative stress.