S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
The regional association between bronchiectasis and lung cancer in chest CT
- Kim, Yeon Wook; Lee, Chang-Hoon; Jin, Kwang-Nam; Lee, Jung-Kyu; Heo, Eun Young; Park, Sung Soo; Chung, Hee Soon; Kim, Deog Kyeom
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 16(1):151
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Limited studies have examined the association between lung cancer and bronchiectasis (BE). This study evaluated the regional association between BE and lung cancer by analyzing the lobar location of lung cancer in patients with underlying BE.
This clustered multi-level study enrolled patients who had underlying BE and were newly diagnosed with lung cancer between January 1, 2010 and May 30, 2013 in two referral hospitals in South Korea. By analyzing the presence of lung cancer and underlying BE as event variables at the level of lung lobes on chest computed tomography (CT), we evaluated the association of BE and lung cancer by the locations of the diseases.
Eighty-one patients with BE and combined lung cancer were enrolled. Within 486 lung lobes of the patients, combined BE and lung cancer in the same lobe was found in 11 lobes (2.3 %). Using the general estimating equation assuming BE as a risk factor of lung cancer, the results indicated that the prevalence of lung cancer was significantly lower in the lobes with pre-existing BE (β = −1.09, p-value = 0.001).
Regionally, pre-existing BE was associated with a lower risk of the occurrence of lung cancer in the same lobe.