S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Program in Agricultural Biotechnology (협동과정-농업생물공학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_협동과정-농업생물공학전공)
Variation block-based genomics method for crop plants
- Kim, Yul Ho; Park, Hyang Mi; Hwang, Tae-Young; Lee, Seuk Ki; Choi, Man Soo; Jho, Sungwoong; Hwang, Seungwoo; Kim, Hak-Min; Lee, Dongwoo; Kim, Byoung-Chul; Hong, Chang Pyo; Cho, Yun Sung; Kim, Hyunmin; Jeong, Kwang Ho; Seo, Min Jung; Yun, Hong Tai; Kim, Sun Lim; Kwon, Young-Up; Kim, Wook Han; Chun, Hye Kyung; Lim, Sang Jong; Shin, Young-Ah; Choi, Ik-Young; Kim, Young Sun; Yoon, Ho-Sung; Lee, Suk-Ha; Lee, Sunghoon
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- BMC Genomics, 15(1):477
- This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
In contrast with wild species, cultivated crop genomes consist of reshuffled recombination blocks, which occurred by crossing and selection processes. Accordingly, recombination block-based genomics analysis can be an effective approach for the screening of target loci for agricultural traits.
We propose the variation block method, which is a three-step process for recombination block detection and comparison. The first step is to detect variations by comparing the short-read DNA sequences of the cultivar to the reference genome of the target crop. Next, sequence blocks with variation patterns are examined and defined. The boundaries between the variation-containing sequence blocks are regarded as recombination sites. All the assumed recombination sites in the cultivar set are used to split the genomes, and the resulting sequence regions are termed variation blocks. Finally, the genomes are compared using the variation blocks. The variation block method identified recurring recombination blocks accurately and successfully represented block-level diversities in the publicly available genomes of 31 soybean and 23 rice accessions. The practicality of this approach was demonstrated by the identification of a putative locus determining soybean hilum color.
We suggest that the variation block method is an efficient genomics method for the recombination block-level comparison of crop genomes. We expect that this method will facilitate the development of crop genomics by bringing genomics technologies to the field of crop breeding.