S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Surgery (외과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_외과학전공)
Destabilized adhesion in the gastric proliferative zone and c-Src kinase activation mark the development of early diffuse gastric cancer
- Humar, Bostjan; Fukuzawa, Ryuji; Blair, Vanessa; Dunbier, Anita; More, Helen; Charlton, Amanda; Yang, Han Kwang; Kim, Woo Ho; Reeve, Anthony E; Martin, Iain; Guilford, Parry
- Issue Date
- American Association for Cancer Research
- Cancer Res 2007;67:2480-9
- Cadherins/genetics; Cell Adhesion/physiology; Cell Differentiation/physiology; Cell Growth Processes/physiology; Disease Progression; Enzyme Activation; Germ-Line Mutation; Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/*metabolism; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/*metabolism; Stomach Neoplasms/*enzymology/genetics/*pathology
- The initial development of diffuse gastric cancer (DGC) is poorly understood. The study of E-cadherin (CDH1) germ line mutation carriers predisposed to DGC provides a rare opportunity to elucidate the genetic and biological events surrounding disease initiation. Samples from various stages of hereditary and sporadic DGC were investigated to determine general mechanisms underlying early DGC development. Paraffin-embedded tissues from 13 CDH1 mutation carriers and from 10 sporadic early DGC cases were analyzed. Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry using differentiation, proliferation, and adhesion markers showed that DGC initiation seems to occur at the proliferative zone (the upper neck) of the gastric epithelium and correlates with absent or reduced expression of junctional proteins (beta-actin, p120, Lin-7). Slow proliferation of neoplastic cells at the upper gastric neck leads to the formation of intramucosal signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) displaying differentiated features. As shown by immunolabeling, invasion from SRCC lesions beyond the gastric mucosa is associated with poor differentiation, increased proliferation, activation of the c-Src system, and an epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Our results provide a molecular description of the early development of DGC and explain the relationship between the two main DGC types, poorly differentiated carcinoma and SRCC: both share their origin, but SRCC develops following cancer cell differentiation and seems relatively indolent in its intramucosal stage.
- 0008-5472 (Print)
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