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Money Transfer and Birth Weight: Evidence from the Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend

Cited 11 time in Web of Science Cited 10 time in Scopus
Authors
Chung, Wankyo; Ha, Hyungserk; Kim, Beomsoo
Issue Date
2016-01
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation
Economic Inquiry, Vol.54 No.1, pp. 576–590
Keywords
Money Transfer and Birth Weight: Evidence from the Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend사회과학
Abstract
The positive relationship between income and health is well established. However, the direction of causality remains unclear: do economic resources influence health, or vice versa? Exploiting a new source of exogenous income variation, this study examines the impact of the Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend (APFD) on newborns' health outcomes. The results show that income has a significantly positive, but modest effect on birth weight. We find that an additional $1,000 ($2,331 in 2011 dollars) increases birth weight by 17.7 g and substantially decreases the likelihood of a low birth weight (a decrease of around 14% of the sample mean). Furthermore, the income effect is higher for less-educated mothers. Based on a gestation-weight profile in the sample, increased gestation owing to the APFD could explain a maximum of 34%–57% of the measured weight increase, although we are unable to examine all the potential mechanisms. (JEL I10, I18, I12)
ISSN
0095-2583
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/116888
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/ecin.12235
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Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원)Dept. of Public Health (보건학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_보건학과)
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