S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Dept. of Forest Sciences (산림과학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_산림과학부)
Improvement of lignin oil properties by combination of organic solvents and formic acid during supercritical depolymerization
- Park, Se-Yeong; Hong, Chang-Young; Jeong, Han-Seob; Lee, Su-Yeon; Choi, Joon Weon; Choi, In-Gyu
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol.121, pp. 113-120
- Improvement of lignin oil properties by combination of organic solvents and formic acid during supercritical depolymerization; 자연과학; Ethanol organosolv lignin; Lignin oil; Bio oil; Supercritical treatment; Formic acid; Depolymerization
- Supercritical treatment of ethanol organosolv lignin was conducted to produce lignin-derived bio-oil. The reaction was performed at 350 °C for 40 min with 3 MPa hydrogen gas pressure. To improve the yield of lignin oil and inhibit repolymerization during supercritical treatment, formic acid was added to the solvent. The effect of formic acid was examined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and elemental analysis. The maximum yield of lignin oils was shown to reach up to 70 wt% with the addition of formic acid. When 7% formic acid was used, the resulting lignin oil exhibited the highest monomer content at approximately 56 mg/g and the lowest oxygen/carbon molar ratio (O/C) of 0.26. The main degradation products in the lignin oil were syringol, 4-methylsyringol, and p-cresol. The lignin oil contained a larger proportion of syringyl unit monomers than guaiacyl because yellow poplar is hardwood, consisting primarily of syringyls. The molecular weight of lignin oils increased with the addition of formic acid since lignin-derived oligomers were also produced. Meanwhile, experiments were performed using methanol and isopropanol to investigate the relationship between the solvent type and lignin depolymerization. Isopropanol led to a higher yield of lignin oil compared to ethanol, but amounts of monomeric products were much lower. Therefore, supercritical ethanol treatment with 7% formic acid under pressure from hydrogen gas is considered to be more effective when compared to other conditions, and this procedure demonstrated the possibility for better production of lignin-derived products during thermal decomposition reactions.
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