S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Nuclear Medicine (핵의학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_핵의학전공)
Re-assessing the enhanced permeability and retention effect in peripheral arterial disease using radiolabeled long circulating nanoparticles
- England, Christopher G.; Im, Hyung-Jun; Feng, Liangzhu; Chen, Feng; Graves, Stephen A.; Hernandez, Reinier; Orbay, Hakan; Xu, Cheng; Cho, Steve Y.; Nickles, Robert J.; Liu, Zhuang; Lee, Dong Soo; Cai, Weibo
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- Biomaterials, Vol.100, pp. 101-109
- Re-assessing the enhanced permeability and retention effect in peripheral arterial disease using radiolabeled long circulating nanoparticles; 자연과학; Reduced graphene oxide; RGO; Iron oxide nanoparticle; IONP; Enhanced permeability and retention effect; EPR effect; Hindlimb ischemia; Positron emission tomography; PET; Photoacoustic imaging
- As peripheral arterial disease (PAD) results in muscle ischemia and neovascularization, it has been claimed that nanoparticles can passively accumulate in ischemic tissues through the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. At this time, a quantitative evaluation of the passive targeting capabilities of nanoparticles has not been reported in PAD. Using a murine model of hindlimb ischemia, we quantitatively assessed the passive targeting capabilities of Cu-64-labeled PEGylated reduced graphene oxide iron oxide nanoparticles (Cu-64-RGO-IONP-PEG) through the EPR effect using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. Serial laser Doppler imaging was performed to monitor changes in blood perfusion upon surgical induction of ischemia. Nanoparticle accumulation was assessed at 3, 10, and 17 days post-surgery and found to be highest at 3 days post-surgery, with the ischemic hindlimb displaying an accumulation of 14.7 +/- 0.5% injected dose per gram (%ID/g). Accumulation of Cu-64-RGO-IONP-PEG was lowest at 17 days post-surgery, with the ischemic hindlimb displaying only 5.1 +/- 0.5%ID/g. Furthermore, nanoparticle accumulation was confirmed by photoacoustic imaging (PA). The combination of PET and serial Doppler imaging showed that nanoparticle accumulation in the ischemic hindlimb negatively correlated with blood perfusion. Thus, we quantitatively confirmed that Cu-64-RGO-IONP-PEG passively accumulated in ischemic tissue via the EPR effect, which is reduced as the perfusion normalizes. As Cu-64-RGO-IONP-PEG displayed substantial accumulation in the ischemic tissue, this nanoparticle platform may function as a future theranostic agent, providing both imaging and therapeutic applications. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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