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Enhanced knowledge of spontaneous reporting with structured educational programs in Korean community pharmacists: a cross-sectional study

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Authors
Yu, Yun Mi; Lee, Euni
Issue Date
2017-05-30
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Medical Education, 17(1):95
Keywords
KnowledgeContinuing educationSpontaneous reportingAdverse drug reaction reporting systemPharmacistUnder-reporting
Abstract
Background
While spontaneous reporting (SR) is one of the important public health activities for community pharmacists to guard patients safety, very few studies examined educational activities and its effects on knowledge about the SR system in Korea. This study described the association between knowledge of SR and educational activities targeting community pharmacists in Korea.

Methods
Self-administered questionnaires were collected between September 1, 2014 and November 25, 2014. The questionnaires addressed sources of SR knowledge (structured educational programs, personal access to educational resources, and information by social network services) and knowledge about the Regional Pharmacovigilance Center designated for community pharmacists, the legal responsibility clause on the serious event reporting, and the reportable items. The association between the knowledge of SR and the educational activities was evaluated using analysis of variance or chi-squared tests.

Results
Overall, 766 questionnaires demonstrated that mean age and length of career in community pharmacies was 45.7 years and 15.9 years, respectively. A structured educational program was used in 63.1% of the participants followed by a personal access to educational resources (56.3%). An educational program offered by the Korean Pharmaceutical Association was the most frequently mentioned program (56.8%), and no regional disparity in the program between the metropolitan and rural areas was observed. Pharmacists who had personal access to educational resources identified SR knowledge contents less correctly than those who used a structured educational program or both (p < 0.01). In general, pharmacists knowledge on reportable items was significantly lower with non-prescription drugs, nutritional supplements, and personal hygiene products as compared to their knowledge on prescription drugs, regardless of the type of education (p < 0.01).

Conclusions
Knowledge regarding SR was more likely to increase when a structured educational program was used alone or in combination with other educational methods. Knowledge on reportable items should be reinforced during the continuing education process.
Language
English
URI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-017-0933-0

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/117663
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College of Pharmacy (약학대학)Dept. of Pharmacy (약학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_약학과)
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