Browse

Fabrication and properties of CNT-, RGO- reinforced ceramic composites

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus
Authors
신정후
Advisor
홍성현
Major
공과대학 재료공학부
Issue Date
2016-02
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
ceramiccompositespark plasma sinteringcarbon nanotubegraphenemechanical propertyphysical property
Description
학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 재료공학부, 2016. 2. 홍성현.
Abstract
Ceramic materials has been extensively used in a various applications such as cutting tools, abrasive tools, gas turbine, constructions and dental applications owing to their outstanding mechanical properties and chemical, thermal reliability. However, the brittleness in nature of ceramic materials, friction problems in tribological applications due to the insulating feature and very low thermal conductivities are still an obstacle to limit their wide applications as high-performance ceramic parts or some functional applications. To overcome this problem, several attempt have been devoted to develop ceramic composite such as composite material, microstructure and composition optimization.
In this research, ceramic matrix composite was intensively studied and carbon nanotube, graphene nanoplatelets were introduced as an additive materials due to high mechanical properties (hardness, toughness, elastic modulus) and electrical, thermal conductivities.
Two main topics will be discussed to investigate reinforcing mechanism and enhance their physical properties. 1) Fabrication and characterization of carbon nanotube reinforced ceramic, reduced graphene oxide reinforced ceramics and 2) Comparisons on the role of additive material (CNT, graphene)

First, fully dense yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics reinforced with single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS), and their electrical and mechanical properties were investigated. Dimethylformamide (DMF) was used as a solvent and tip-sonicator was employed to disperse SWCNTs homogeneously throughout the matrix and reduce the damage on the SWCNTs during mixing. The microstructure of the composite ceramics indicated that undamaged SWCNT bundles were well distributed throughout the matrix with intimate contact with ZrO2 grains without interlayer or amorphous carbon layer. The electrical resistivity of ZrO2 ceramics drastically decreased with SWCNT addition and it reached 0.3cm at 1.0 wt%. The SWCNT addition to ZrO2 ceramics increased the fracture toughness from 4.4 to 5.2 MPa1/2 at 1.0 wt%. The nanotube pull-out and crack bridging contributed to the improved fracture toughness. The frictional behavior was not affected, but the wear resistance of ZrO2 ceramics was significantly improved by SWCNT addition.
Additionally, fully dense yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics reinforced with reduced graphene oxide (RGO) were fabricated by spark plasma sintering (SPS), and their electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties were investigated. Graphene oxide (GO) was exfoliated by a short sonification in dimethylformamide (DMF)/water solution and uniformly mixed with ZrO2 powders. The microstructure of the composites showed that undamaged RGO sheets were homogeneously distributed throughout matrix grains. The electrical resistivity of YSZ composites drastically decreased with the addition of RGO, and it reached 0.0081 cm at 4.1 vol. %. However, the thermal diffusivity increased only 12% with RGO addition. The hardness decreased slightly with RGO addition, whereas the fracture toughness significantly increased from 4.4 to 5.9 MPa1/2. The RGO pull-out and crack bridging contributed to the improved fracture toughness.
Second, we fabricated CNT and RGO (Reduced graphene oxide) added alumina ceramic composite and compared their electrical, thermal and mechanical properties. The composite was prepared by SPS which is very similar method as mentioned before. Each specimen was consolidated above ~98%. However, RGO added composite exhibits relatively low density compared with that of CNT added composite. Elastic modulus and hardness were decreased in both CNT and RGO composite, and rapid decrease was confirmed in CNT added composite due to the low relative density. Fracture toughness of the both composite was slightly increased and the increasing in RGO composite was more striking because of high surface area of RGO and 2-dimentional wrapping effect. It is believed that the toughening mechanisms were very similar with CNT-YSZ and RGO-YSZ composite.
The electrical conductivity of CNT and RGO composite was rapidly increased at a certain concentration. In point of view for electrical percolation, CNT has advantages in very small amount of additions, and it was also confirmed by simple simulations. Thermal conductivity was drastically decreased in both CNT and RGO composite. The residual carbon defects located intra-grains shorten the phonon mean-free path in CNT, RGO-ceramic composite.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/118042
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering (재료공학부)Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._재료공학부)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse