S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering (전기·정보공학부) Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._전기·정보공학부)
Synthesis of Low Noise All Digital PLL
저 잡음 디지털 위상동기루프의 합성
- 공과대학 전기·컴퓨터공학부
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 전기·컴퓨터공학부, 2014. 2. 정덕균.
- As a device scaling proceeds, Charge Pump PLL has been confronted by many design challenges. Especially, a leakage current in loop filter and reduced dynamic range due to a lower operating voltage make it difficult to adopt a conventional analog PLL architecture for a highly scaled technology. To solve these issues, All Digital PLL (ADPLL) has been widely studied recently. ADPLL mitigates a filter leakage and a reduced dynamic range issues by replacing the analog circuits with digital ones. However, it is still difficult to get a low jitter under low supply voltage. In this thesis, we propose a dual loop architecture to achieve a low jitter even with a low supply voltage. And bottom-up based multi-step TDC and DCO are proposed to meet both fine resolution and wide operation range. In the aspect of design methodology, ADPLL has relied on a full custom design method although ADPLL is fully described in HDL (Hardware Description Language). We propose a new cell based layout technique to automatically synthesize the whole circuit and layout. The test chip has no linearity degradation although it is fully synthesized using a commercially available auto P&R tool. We has implemented an all digital pixel clock generator using the proposed dual loop architecture and the cell based layout technique. The entire circuit is automatically synthesized using 28nm CMOS technology. And s-domain linear model is utilized to optimize the jitter of the dual-loop PLL. Test chip occupies 0.032mm2, and achieves a 15ps_rms integrated jitter although it has extremely low input reference clock of 100 kHz. The whole circuit operates at 1.0V and consumes only 3.1mW.