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A Study on the Application of Dancesport Program for Healthy Aging in Older Adults with Intellectual Disability
지적장애 노인의 건강한 노화를 위한 댄스스포츠활동 프로그램 적용 연구

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Authors
권현진
Advisor
김연수
Major
사범대학 체육교육과
Issue Date
2014-08
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
Older adultIntellectual disabilityDancesportAgingAge-related hormonesAntioxidant enzymes
Description
학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 체육교육과, 2014. 8. 김연수.
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a modified 12 weeks dancesport program on healthy aging among older adults with intellectual disability (ID) by analyzing variations in functional fitness, age-related hormones and antioxidant enzymes. Data were collected from a sample of 40 older adults with ID attending two different community welfare centers located in C and S cities, respectively. 20 participants from each community welfare center were recruited for the experiment. In the experiment, 20 participants from each center were assigned to either experimental or control groups (C: exercise group, S: control group). The dancesport program was administered for 12 weeks, 2 times a week for 90 minutes per session. An identical analytic procedure was conducted for both pre and post tests, which measured functional fitness (i.e., cardiovascular endurance, strength of upper and lower extremities and flexibility), age-related hormones (Human growth hormone (HGH), Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S), Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)) and antioxidant enzymes (Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), Catalase (CAT)). A total of 26 participants (experimental group: 14 and control group: 12) were retained for the analysis because 14 participants dropped from the program. SPSS 20.0 was used to analyze the data gained from the sample. The results of the experiment are summarized as follows.
First, a significant interaction effect (<.05) was found for every criterion selected in the measure of functional fitness (cardiovascular endurance (<.05), strength of upper extremity (<.01), lower extremity (.05) and flexibility (.01)), which indicates that the program improves functional fitness in older people with ID.
Second, with respect to the age-related hormone, there was a significant interaction effect for HGH (<.05) and DHEA-S (<.01), yet there was not one for IGF-1t. However, it was observed that the width of in the experimental group was lower than the control group.
Lastly, among the three indicators of the antioxidant enzyme, an interaction effect was found for GPx (<.05).
While a significant amount of attention has been given to the development of sporting programs and their related research for older people without disabilities, little attention has been given to older people with ID. The current study was designed to close this gap by investigating the effects of a 12 weeks dancesport program on healthy aging among older adults with ID by analyzing variations in functional fitness, age-related hormones and antioxidant enzymes.
As the results showed, this study provides meaningful insights into understanding the effects of a dancesport program for older people with ID, as the study revealed the positive effects of a dancesport program in improving functional fitness, age-related hormones (except for IGF-1), and one of the variables (GPx) in antioxidant enzymes.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/120555
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College of Education (사범대학)Dept. of Physical Education (체육교육과)Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._체육교육과)
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