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Improvement of Utilization Efficiency and Ion Balance of Recycled Nutrient Solution in Closed Soilless Culture of Paprika (Capsicum annuum L.)

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.advisorSon-Jung Eek-
dc.contributor.author데인코-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-13T17:40:24Z-
dc.date.available2017-07-13T17:40:24Z-
dc.date.issued2013-08-
dc.identifier.other000000013063-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/121030-
dc.description학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 원예학과, 2013. 8. 손정익.-
dc.description.abstractImprovement of Utilization Efficiency and Ion Balance of Recycled
Nutrient Solution in Closed Soilless Culture of Paprika
(Capsicum annuum L.)

Myat Thaint Ko
Department of Plant Science
Graduate School of Seoul National University

ABSTRACT
Although closed soilless culture is useful for saving water and fertilizers with minimizing environmental pollution, adequate management of nutrient solutions is still not stabilized in greenhouse cultivation. However, ion imbalance in recycled nutrient solution and the accumulation of nutrients in root medium are serious problems affecting plant growth. For efficient nutrient management, an adjustment of the recycled nutrient solution at an appropriate analysis interval is required considering the nutrient and water demands of plants.
The aims of this study are to compare the ion balance, yield, and use of water and fertilizers between the closed and open soilless culture systems, to find out the proper renewal period reducing ion imbalance in the recycled nutrient solution, to investigate the nutrient and water uptake and the yield and mineral contents of the plants by the renewal period of recycled nutrient solution, and to determine the effect of renewal pattern on ion balance in the recycled nutrient solution and substrate, and nutrient uptake of paprika plants.
Yield reduction by 19% was observed in the closed system compared with that in the open system after four harvests. Water use efficiency (WUE) and fertilizer use efficiency (FUE) were 68% and 78% higher in the closed system than those in the open system. The ion imbalance in the recycled nutrient solution appeared after 4 weeks even though the EC and pH were maintained within acceptable ranges.
Among the different renewal periods, the changes in cation and anion ratios in the recycled nutrient solution could be reduced by renewing every 4 weeks. Although 50 to 51% WUE and 61 to 67% FUE were higher in the closed system using different renewal periods than those in the open system, the lowest fruit yield was observed in the closed system at a 12-week renewal period. Considering nutrient balance and yield, an adequate renewal period of the recycled nutrient solution was suggested as 4 weeks, but it can be extended to 8 weeks practically.
The ion balances change in the recycled nutrient solution was reduced at the renewal pattern of 4-4-4 weeks, and followed by 6-4-2 and 8-2-2 weeks. Particularly the accumulation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ was reduced as the same trend as above. No significant differences in nutrient uptake, yield and plant growth were observed among all the renewal patterns. Chemical analysis indicated that paprika needs less Ca and Mg in the fruits than in the leaves during fruit growth.
It can be concluded that renewal period and pattern play important roles in the ion balances of the recycled nutrient solution and root medium and the uptakes of water and nutrients by plants in closed soilless culture. For more efficient management of nutrient solution in closed soilless culture, adjustment (or renewal) of recycled nutrient solution considering growing stage and environmental conditions are required as further study.


Key words: closed rockwool culture, ion imbalance, recycled nutrient solution, renewal period, water and nutrient uptake,


Student Number: 2010-31333
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dc.description.tableofcontentsCONTENTS
Page
ABSTRACT....................................................................i
CONTENTS.................................................................iv
LIST OF TABLES.........................................................viii
LIST OF FIGURES.........................................................ix
1. INTRODUCTION.........................................................1
Literature cited.............................................................5
2. LITERATURE REVIEW.................................................8
2.1. Nutrient management in closed system..................8
2.1.1. pH management..............................................8
2.1.2. EC management..............................................9
2.2. Nutrient uptake.....................................................10
2.3. Ion competition and antagonism............................11
2.4. Morphology, growth and quality of paprika..............12
2.5. Literature cited.....................................................14
3. CHAPTER I. Comparisons of Ion Balance, Fruit Yield,
Water and Fertilizer Use Efficiencies in Open
and Closed Soilless Culture System.........18
Abstract...................................................................18
3.1. Introduction........................................................20
3.2. Materials and methods........................................21
3.2.1. Plant materials and experimental conditions......21
3.2.2. Measurements...............................................22
3.2.3. Water and fertilizer use efficiencies...................23
3.2.4. Statistical analysis..........................................24
3.3. Results and discussion.......................................24
3.3.1. EC and pH in the recycled nutrient solution.......24
3.3.2. Nutrient composition in the recycled nutrient
solution.........................................................25
3.3.3. Fruit yield.....................................................26
3.3.4. Water and fertilizer use efficiencies..................27
3.4. Literature cited....................................................37
4. CHAPTER II. Nutrients and Water Uptake of Paprika
(Capsicum annuum L.) as Affected by
Renewal Period of Recycled Nutrient
Solution in Closed Soilless Culture
System.................................................40
Abstract....................................................................40
4.1. Introduction.........................................................42
4.2. Materials and methods.........................................43
4.2.1. Cultivation and environmental conditions...........43
4.2.2. Management of nutrient solutions.....................44
4.2.3. Nutrient supply...............................................45
4.2.4. Measurements of growth and fruit yield.............45
4.2.5. Estimation of water and nutrient uptakes............46
4.2.6. Analysis of nutrient contents in leaves and fruit..47
4.2.7. Experimental management and statistical
analysis.........................................................48
4.3. Results and discussion........................................48
4.3.1. Changes in EC and pH of recycled nutrient
solution.........................................................48
4.3.2. Uptake of water and nutrients by plants.............49
4.3.3. Changes in cation and anion ratios in recycled
nutrient solution.............................................50
4.3.4. Yield, water and fertilizer use efficiencies..........51
4.3.5. Mineral content in leaves and fruit....................52
4.4. Literature cited.....................................................65
5. CHAPTER III. Nutrient Balance and Nutrient Uptake at
Different Renewal Patterns of Recycled
Nutrient Solution in Closed Soilless Culture
System................................................69
Abstract...................................................................69
5.1. Introduction........................................................71
5.2. Materials and methods........................................72
5.2.1. Experimental conditions.................................72
5.2.2. Management of Nutrient solutions....................73
5.2.3. Nutrient solution supply based on solar
radiation........................................................74
5.2.4. Analyses of plant growth and nutrient solution...74
5.2.5. Estimation of water and nutrient uptake............75
5.2.6. Experimental management and statistical
analysis.......................................................76
5.3. Results and discussions.......................................77
5.3.1. Changes in individual ion concentrations in the
recycled nutrient solution................................77
5.3.2. Changes in individual ion concentration in the
root medium and nutrient uptake......................78
5.3.3. Changes in ion ratios in the recycled nutrient
solution, root medium and nutrient uptake.........79
5.3.4. Growth and yield of paprika plants....................81
5.3.5. Tissue mineral analysis..................................81
5.4. Literature cited.....................................................94
6. CONCLUSIONS........................................................98
7. Abstract in Korean...................................................100
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dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.format.extent1182095 bytes-
dc.format.mediumapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.subjectProtected Horticulture and Plant Factory-
dc.subject.ddc635-
dc.titleImprovement of Utilization Efficiency and Ion Balance of Recycled Nutrient Solution in Closed Soilless Culture of Paprika (Capsicum annuum L.)-
dc.typeThesis-
dc.description.degreeDoctor-
dc.citation.pages116-
dc.contributor.affiliation농업생명과학대학 원예학과-
dc.date.awarded2013-08-
Appears in Collections:
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Plant Science (식물생산과학부)Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._식물생산과학부)
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