S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Program in Cancer Biology (협동과정-종양생물학전공) Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._협동과정-종양생물학전공)
Expression of CD133 and CD133-regulated Nucleophosmin linked to 5-Fluorouracil Susceptibility in Human Colon Cancer Cell Line SW620
인체 대장암 세포주 SW620에서 5-Fluorouracil 감수성과 연관된 CD133과 Nucleophosmin의 발현
- 의과대학 협동과정 종양생물학전공
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 협동과정 종양생물학전공, 2013. 8. 구자록.
- Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are known to be resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Specific CSC targeting and eradication is therefore a therapeutically important challenge. CD133 is a colorectal CSC marker with unknown function(s). Assessing proteomic changes induced by CD133 expression may provide clues not only to new CD133 functions but also to the chemotherapy and radiation susceptibility of colon cancer cells. To identify the proteins affected by CD133 expression, CD133-positive (CD133+) and CD133-negative (CD133–) human colon cancer cells were obtained by cell sorting. Whole proteomes were profiled from SW620/CD133+ and SW620/CD133– cells and analyzed by two-dimensional-based proteome analysis. Nucleophosmin (NPM1) was identified as a protein regulated by CD133. CD133 expression was not affected by NPM1, and an interaction between the two proteins was not observed. CD133 and NPM1 expression was positively correlated in 11 human colon cancer cell lines. The CD133+ subpopulation percentage or its value normalized against CD133 expression was only linked to intrinsic susceptibility of human colon cancer cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). However, either suppression of CD133 or NPM1 increased 5-FU susceptibility of SW620. The present study suggests that CD133-regulated NPM1 expression may provide a clue to novel CD133 function(s) linked to human colon cancer cell susceptibility to chemotherapy.