S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Radiation Applied Life Science (대학원 협동과정 방사선응용생명과학전공) Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._협동과정 방사선응용생명과학전공)
Development of 68Ga-Labeled Multivalent Nitroimidazole Derivatives for Hypoxia Imaging : 저산소 영상을 위한 68Ga-표지 다가(多價) 나이트로이미다졸 유도체 개발
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- Jae Min Jeong
- 의과대학 협동과정 방사선응용생명과학전공
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- trisnitroimidazole ; bisnitroimidazole ; multidentate ; gallium-68 ; hypoxia ; PET.
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 방사선응용생명과학전공, 2016. 8. 정재민.
Development of 68Ga-Labeled Multivalent Nitroimidazole Derivatives for Hypoxia Imaging
Seelam Sudhakara Reddy
Department of Nuclear Medicine
Interdisciplinary Program in Radiation Applied Life Science
The Graduate School
Seoul National University College of Medicine
Radiolabeled nitroimidazole (NI) derivatives have been extensively studied for imaging hypoxia. To increase the hypoxic tissue uptake, we developed 68Ga-labeled agents based on mono-, bis-, and trisnitroimidazole conjugates with the chelating agent 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-tris[methyl(2-carboxyethyl)phosphinic acid] (TRAP). All the three agents showed high radiolabeling yields (>96%) and were found to be stable up to 4 h in prepared medium at room temperature and in human serum at 37 °C. The trivalent agent showed a significant increase in hypoxic to normoxic uptake ratio (p < 0.005) according to the in vitro cell uptake experiments. Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed the presence of hypoxia in xenografted CT26 tumor tissue. The trivalent derivative (68Ga-3: 0.17 ± 0.04, 68Ga-4: 0.33 ± 0.04, 68Ga-5: 0.45 ± 0.09, and 68Ga-6: 0.47 ± 0.05% ID/g) showed the highest uptake by tumor cells according to the biodistribution studies in CT-26 xenografted mice. All the nitroimidazole derivatives showed significantly higher uptake by tumor cells than the control agent (p < 0.05) at 1 h post-injection. The trivalent derivative (68Ga-3: 0.10 ± 0.06
68Ga-4: 0.20 ± 0.06
68Ga-5: 0.33 ± 0.08
68Ga-6: 0.59 ± 0.09) also showed the highest standard uptake value for tumor cells at 1 h post-injection in animal PET studies using CT-26 xenografted mice. In conclusion, we successfully synthesized multivalent 68Ga-labeled NI derivatives for imaging hypoxia. Among them, the trivalent agent showed the highest tumor uptake in biodistribution and animal PET studies.
Student number: 2010-31372
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