Detailed Information

막성신증으로 인한 신증후군 환자에서 발생하는 혈전색전증의 위험성 평가와 와파린 선제 항응고 치료법에 대한 개인 맞춤형 의사 결정 분석 : Risk Evaluation for Thromboembolism in Subjects with Nephrotic Syndrome Caused by Primary Membranous Nephropathy and Personalized Decision Analysis for Prophylactic Anticoagulation with Warfarin

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus


유 경 상
의과대학 의과학과
Issue Date
서울대학교 대학원
Membranous NephropathyNephrotic SyndromeThromboembolismVenous ThromboembolismCardiovascular DiseasesDecision AnalysisWarfarin
학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 의과대학 의과학과 의과학전공, 2016. 2. 유경상.
Vascular thromboembolic events have long been recognized as among the most common and serious complications of nephrotic syndrome. Among the underlying diseases of nephrotic syndrome, membranous nephropathy has the highest risk for development of thromboembolism. Making a prudent clinical decision of prophylactic anticoagulation is a challenge for physicians because currently available information on the risks and benefits of the therapy is insufficient. The purposes of this dissertation were: first, to assess the risk of thromboembolic events in venous and arterial vasculatures of patients with primary membranous nephropathy causing nephrotic syndrome
second, to evaluate the role of patient characteristics (including demographics, the severity of renal manifestation, and treatments) as risk predictors of clinical thromboembolic events
third, to categorize patients by risk factors
and, finally, to evaluate the value of a clinical decision to prescribe the prophylactic anticoagulation with warfarin to prevent a thromboembolic event according to the risk categorization. We measured the risks of clinically apparent venous thromboembolic events and arterial thrombosis presenting as cardiovascular events in a large inception cohort consisting of patients with primary membranous nephropathy. Predisposing risk factors of such events were evaluated by survival analysis using a multivariate regression technique. With a systematic review of literature and cohort event analysis, individualized benefits of averting venous thromboembolism and risks of major bleedings from prophylactic anticoagulation with warfarin were obtained. The benefits and risks of the decision to use such a treatment were presented by simulating clinical outcomes in the Markov hybrid decision tree model. The value of the decision was appraised with the risk-benefit ratio of the therapy using a net-benefit framework.
We detected clinically apparent venous thromboembolic events in about 7% of total patient cohorts with primary membranous nephropathy. The degree of hypoalbuminemia of a patient was a significant risk factor for developing thromboembolic events. Cardiovascular events were frequently observed within 2 years after diagnosis of primary membranous nephropathy, when most of the patients presented with severe nephrotic syndrome. The cumulative incidence rate of cardiovascular events was about 5% at 2 years after biopsy, and was as high as commensurate with the incidence of the progression to end stage renal disease. The decision analysis clearly supported the use of prophylactic anticoagulation with warfarin in patients with low risk of major bleeding. The benefit-to-risk ratio was 4.5:1, which means 4.5 major venous thromboembolic events are averted at a cost of one major bleeding in patients at low bleeding risk and serum albumin level <3.0 g/dL. The ratio increased in patients with serum albumin level <2.0 g/dL to 13:1. Patients at intermediate bleeding risk with an albumin under 2 g/dl had a moderately favorable benefit-to-risk ratio (under 5:1). Patients at high bleeding risk were unlikely to benefit from prophylactic anticoagulation regardless of albuminemia. The conducted studies demonstrate how to construct medical evidence on the use of prophylactic anticoagulation in membranous nephropathy with risk evaluation of thromboembolism using individual patient data. This presents an alternative platform of a pragmatic clinical pharmacology pursuing personalized medicine.
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:


Item View & Download Count

  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.