S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Program in Technology, Management, Economics and Policy (협동과정-기술·경영·경제·정책전공) Theses (Master's Degree_협동과정-기술·경영·경제·정책전공)
Energy Policy for Increased Access to Electrification in Tanzania: The Role of the Government and Private Sectors
- 공과대학 협동과정 기술경영·경제·정책전공
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 협동과정 기술경영·경제·정책전공, 2013. 2. 김연배.
- Tanzania is endowed with abundant natural fuel source potentials for power generation, which include coal about 1,200 million metric tons of which about 304 million metric tons have been proven to exist, natural gas discoveries amounting to about 33 trillion cubic feet as of June 2012, about 4.7GW hydropower, and renewable energies, including geothermal energy, of which above 650 MW has been indicated to be present in the country in limited studies, 187 W/m2 solar energy, and wind potential estimated to be within the range of 3-10 m/s. The country apart from having these abundant natural fuel sources, the countrys total electricity access as of December 2011 was 18.4%, 6.6% in rural areas and 11.8% in urban areas. The rural population is more greatly affected by the limited electricity access because more than 75% of the total population of the country resides in the rural areas. In addition, Tanzanias electricity access is lower than that of other developing countries, which have more than 90% electrification rates, such as Tunisia (100%), Egypt (100%), Libya (100%), Algeria (99%), Mauritius (99%), and Morocco (97%). The low rate of electricity access in Tanzania is among the major factors hindering the countrys socioeconomic development. Therefore, to boost the countrys socioeconomic development, appropriate electrification policies must be adopted by the government.
The main purpose of this research was to determine the appropriate electrification policies that should be adopted by the Tanzanian government to increase the countrys electricity access, through an international comparison with developed and developing countries that have already achieved increased electricity access.
The study provides policy recommendations to the Tanzanian government regarding the investment modalities that it can adopt in the power sector, the adoption of stand-alone generation to off-grid communities based on renewable fuel sources, grid extension to isolated provinces, national grid interconnection with the neighboring countries, diversification of fuel sources for power generation, the necessity of energy subsidy, and the establishment of a tariff structure that will make electricity affordable for the low-income households and that will promote energy conservation.
Student No.: 2011-22946
Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program
College of Engineering
Seoul National University