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토마스 아퀴나스의 죄 이해: 어거스틴 죄 이해의 비교를 통한 재고
Thomas Aquinas` View on the Nature of Sin: Reconsidered in A Comparison with Augustine`s Idea of Sin

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Authors
유지황
Issue Date
2005
Publisher
서울대학교 철학사상연구소
Citation
철학사상, Vol.21, pp. 109-147
Keywords
Sin and EvilThomas AquinasAugustine of Hippo
Abstract
Aquinas reconstructs Augustine's idea of sin on the basis of
Aristotles philosophical system that highlights actual particular realities
rather than Platos abstract universal reality of form. He accepts
Augustines idea of sin as starting from the human moral evil of Adam's
fall, but rejects its biological inheritance to all humans. Augustine argues
sin in the universal dimension of faith by which the will returns back to
God, while Aquinas addresses it in the actual dimension of reason by
which the will rationally realizes natural law proceeded from God the
eternal law. Sin for Augustine originates in the human misuse of free will
which anxious for the help of grace because of its universal bondage to
sin. But sin for Aquinas comes form the disuse of reason which calls for
the wills full exercise of it. Sin is neither a wrong product of Gods
creation, nor a result of the Satans temptation, but a human-creating
reality contingently present in particular living contexts. Hence humans
must engage themselves in cultivating the virtuous character of the will,
so that they can overcome the power of sin originated in the antagonism
of desire over reason in the will.
ISSN
1226-7007
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/12406
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Philosophy (철학과)철학사상철학사상 21호 (2005)
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