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Organic Lasing: Correlation between Molecular Structure, Optical and Optoelectronic Properties

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Frédéric Laquai
자연과학대학 화학과
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서울대학교 대학원
학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 화학과, 2013. 2. Frédéric Laquai.
In this thesis mainly two alternating indenofluorene-phenanthrene copolymers were investigated with a variety of spectroscopic and optoelectronic experiments. The different experimental techniques allowed to retrieve deeper insights into their unique optical as well as optoelectronic properties. The motivation of the research presented in this work was to correlate their photophysical properties with respect to their application in electrically pumped lasing. This thesis begins with the description of optical properties studied by classical absorption and emission spectroscopy and successively describes an overall picture regarding their excited state dynamics occurring after photoexcitation studied by time-resolved spectroscopy. The different spectroscopic methods do not only allow to elucidate the different optical transitions occurring in this class of materials, but also contribute to a better understanding of exciton dynamics and exciton interaction with respect to the molecular structure as well as aggregation and photooxidation of the polymers. Furthermore, the stimulated emission properties were analyzed by amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) experiments. Especially one of the investigated materials, called BLUE-1, showed outstanding optical properties including a high optical gain, a low threshold for ASE and low optical losses. Apart from the optical experiments, the charge carrier mobility was measured with the time-of-flight technique and a comparably high hole mobility on the order of 1 x 10² cm²/(Vs) was determined for BLUE-1 which makes this material promising for organic lasing. The impact of the high charge carrier mobility in this material class was further analyzed in different optoelectronic devices such as organic LEDs (OLEDs) and organic solar cells.
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