S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Dept. of Plant Science (식물생산과학부) Theses (Master's Degree_식물생산과학부)
Vegetative Growth and Flowering of Dianthus, Zinnia, and Pelargonium as Affected by Night Interruption at Different Timings
- 농업생명과학대학 식물생산과학부(원예과학전공)
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- flowering ; herbaceous plants ; night interruption ; photoperiod ; photosynthesis ; vegetative growth
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 식물생산과학부 원예과학 전공, 2013. 2. 김기선.
- Influences of night interruption (NI) application timings were examined on vegetative growth and flowering of Dianthus chinensis (long-day plant, LDP), Zinnia elegans (short-day plant, SDP), and Pelargonium zonale (day-neutral plant). The experiments were conducted both in a greenhouse and in a growth chamber. In both experiments, the plants were grown under 9 hour photoperiod [short-day (SD) condition] or 9 hour photoperiod plus 4 hour NI with low light intensity at 3-5 mol•m-2•s-1. The NI was employed at 18:00-22:00 HR (NI18), 22:00-02:00 HR (NI22), and 02:00-06:00 HR (NI02). Net photosynthesis of Dianthus during the NI period was determined in the growth chamber experiment. In Dianthus, node number increased more rapidly in all NI treatments regardless of the timing of NI. Zinnia were shorter under NI than under SD, with those grown under NI02 being shortest. In Pelargonium, leaves of the plants grown under NI02 were produced more slowly than those of the plants under NI18 and NI22. For these three species, dry weights of the plants under NI were not significantly different from those of the plants under SD. The NI had no effect on net photosynthesis of Dianthus. Flowering of Dianthus was hastened by all NI treatments, but the effect was higher in NI02 than in NI18 or NI22. Zinnia flowered later under NI02 than under NI22 or NI18. Flowering of Pelargonium was not affected by NI application timing. These results indicate that NI02 was most effective in promoting flowering in Dianthus (LDP) or inhibiting flowering in Zinnia (SDP). However, the NI had no significant effect on net photosynthesis and subsequent growth promotion in herbaceous plants.