A Cross Cultural Study on White-Collar Workers Learning Styles in a Multinational Corporation : 다국적 기업 사무직 직원들의 학습 스타일에 대한 비교 문화 연구

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Kim, Sang Hak

농업생명과학대학 농산업교육과
Issue Date
서울대학교 대학원
learning stylecross-culturemultinational corporation
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 농산업교육과, 2015. 8. 김진모.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the learning styles of the employees working for a multinational corporation operating in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, South Korea, Mexico, Poland, Russia, South Africa and Vietnam. Based on several prior studies, the following research questions were raised: (1) How different is culture in various countries? (2) Are there any significant differences in learning styles among the employees in various countries? (3) Does culture have any significant impact on the learning styles? (4) Do demographical factors have any significant impact on the employees learning styles?
The population of the study consisted of employees in a multinational corporation and LG Electronics was chosen by using the purposeful sampling method. To compare the learning styles of employees working in various locations, a total sample of 286 subjects from 10 countries was used for this research. As the target population uses various languages, the survey recipients were carefully chosen with the help from HR teams in various subsidiaries around the world. The survey data were analyzed to find the answers for the research questions by using different statistical methods, including correlation analysis, t-test and ANOVA. SPSS Statistics version 19 was used for all the verifications.
The results of this study is as follows: First, the examined countries in this study: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Korea, Mexico, Poland, Russia, South Africa and Vietnam differ from one another based on the examination of their cultural dimension index scores. Second, the analysis revealed that the average learning style patterns for the employees working for this multinational corporation vary depending on their nationalities. Third, unlike prior studies that found a relationship between individualism and learning styles, this study found that learning styles have stronger correlations with Power Distance and Indulgence vs. Restraint than the other cultural dimensions. Finally, this study verified the significant effect by years of education, areas of specialization and positions (grades) on the learning style preferences among several demographic variables.
Four suggestions were proposed for future researches: First, more studies are necessary to identify ways to study and measure the relationship between culture and learning styles so that corporate practitioners can come up with more suitable training programs for employees from various cultural backgrounds. Second, it could be meaningful to consider how corporate culture plays a role as an influential variable for learning style preference. Finally, further studies in a corporate learning context are recommended be extended to practical advice for HRD practitioners.
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Agricultural and Vocational Education (농산업교육과)Theses (Master's Degree_농산업교육과)
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