S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
Water Resources Management by the Government and Multilateral Development Banks: China and the World Bank
정부와 다자개발은행의 수자원 관리: 중국과 세계은행
- 국제대학원 국제학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- water crisis; water resource management; China; World Bank; Multilateral Development Bank (MDB); sustainable development
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 국제대학원 : 국제학과, 2014. 8. 김태균.
- The opponents of the Multilateral Development Banks involvement in water resource management argue that the market-based neoliberal strategy ultimately harms the poor and creates far-reaching social and environmental problems. Likewise, the emphasis on ownership and strong government control has traditionally prevailed in socialist China. However, with the apparent limitations of the government-led water projects undergone in China, the role of the Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) in yielding more satisfactory results is increasingly gaining significance.
This paper aims to show how the World Bank is increasingly accepting its role in the broader development in the environment and how it can establish a workable relationship with the government in enhancing institutional planning, regulating and operational capacities and promoting an integrated approach to water resource management.
In order to achieve efficient water resources management, it is vital that governments adopt integrative institutional framework to enhance cooperation among administrative units while MDBs need to consider the unique social and political context of the Borrower. The paper concludes that the current water crisis requires collaborative efforts and complementary strengths of government and MDBs based on a strong commitment to sustainable development principles.