S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
Analysis on Legal Issues of Inter-Korean Trade: From the WTO Perspective
남북한 교역에서의 법적 쟁점에 대한 분석: WTO의 관점에서
- 국제대학원 국제학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- Inter-Korean trade; MFN; WTO Subsidy; South/North Korean FTA; Outward processing; Kaesong Industrial Complex; WTO Accession of North Korea
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 국제대학원 : 국제학과, 2015. 2. 안덕근.
Analysis on Legal Issues of Inter-Korean Trade:
From the WTO Perspective
Jeongjoon James Park
International Commerce Major, International Studies
Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University
South Korea, one of the most vital players in international trade, falls into a
dilemma when the issue of inter-Korean trade is raised. Due to the uniqueness of the
relationship, the current privileges South and North Korea share are legitimate
internally, but externally, are against the WTO laws, particularly the Most Favoured
Nation (MFN) Treatment and also possibly the Subsidy measures. This not only
increases tension between South Korea and her trading partners, but also potentially
defames the true purpose of inter-Korean trade that is to build peace and prosperity
on the Korean peninsula and further onto East Asia.
This research, therefore, first attempts to provide the overall understanding
of inter-Korean trade from the definition, scope, and implication to its history.
Because of the specificity the inter-Korean trade holds, the solid understanding of the
trade is expected to contribute to better and calm judgment of the legal controversies.
After all, the thesis brings the controversial issues of both MFN Treatment and WTO
Subsidy, to assess whether or not there is any risk that contemporary South Korean
treatment towards North Korea could possibly fall into illegal actions. Further, the
research tries to suggest some legally-possible solutions exempting any political and
In the end, the possibility of North Korean accession to the WTO is given a
closer look. By dealing with some case studies of the accession experiences of some
countries that have very similar economic and political conditions to North Korea, it
is aimed to discover what is expected from North Korea before, during and after the
WTO accession process.
Keywords: Inter-Korean trade, MFN, WTO Subsidy, South/North Korean FTA,
Outward processing, Kaesong Industrial Complex, WTO Accession of
Student Number: 2011-23955