S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
An Analysis of Child Labour and Vicious Cycle of Poverty in Cambodia
- 국제대학원 국제학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제대학원
- Destination country; Child Labour; Poverty; Child Sex Trafficking; Social and Economic Development; 2015 ASEAN Economic Integration; Policy Implication; Modern Day Slavery; Human Capital; Factor Associate with Child Labour.
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 국제대학원 : 국제학과(국제개발정책전공), 2015. 8. 이영섭.
- Since children is the future human capital in one society, the countrys destiny depends on them. In developing country like Cambodia, most of the population still live in poor and under the poverty line. Furthermore children were abuse, trafficking, force to work to meet their end need. As child labor which is known as a modern day slavery has become a major concert in future social and economic development in Cambodia, still there is another argument that if they were not working, they would be living in worst condition. However Cambodia is one of the destination country for child labor and (child sex trafficking (as US Embassy Phnom Penh. reporting, Feb. 15, 2013). Recently more and more child labor appear in different scene in Cambodia society but some people didn't feel that these activities effect the children and the social and economic development of the country because of some social environment. Moreover as VOA report on 21 Oct. 2014 warn that under the 2015 ASEAN economic integration child labor might be increase because of the growth in different field such as construction, service industry (hotel, restaurant…etc.) and the cheaper spending than adult labor. According to the previous studies there were many different relation of child labor and poverty that it depends on different countries characteristic. For example the study by Basu and Van (1998), poverty is a main cause child labor while Nielsen (1998) found in contrast in case of Zambia. Additionally Ray (1999) found that there is significant effect of house hold poverty on child labor in Pakistan while not in Peru. So if the poverty is a main factor of child labor in developing country, banding on child labor could make children live in greater poverty and pushing them into more dangerous work like birdscarers, begging, or prostitution. Another theoretical paper by Basu and Van (1998) shows that ban on child labor can worsen the households which rely on child income for their survival. Therefore the purpose to this study are: to examine the main cause of high degree of child labor and to analyze the how effect of the poverty on children particularly the child labor and child sex trafficking in Cambodia. Finally to figure out which policy implication will be suitable solution to reduce child labor in Cambodia society. To find out the answer the country survey report was use to analyze the factor associate with child labor. Only survey report was not enough to see the actual situation of child labor in Cambodia that why the real case study need to examine to get the conception. In order to support analysis stronger, the observation method were also use by making interview with persons who had long time working experience in child labor.