S-Space Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) Dept. of Environmental Health (환경보건학과) Theses (Master's Degree_환경보건학과)
New Analytical Method for Classification of Time–Location Data Obtained from the Global Positioning System (GPS)
GPS 로부터 얻은 자료의 시간-장소 정보에 대한 새로운 분석 방법의 개발
- 보건대학원 환경보건학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 보건대학원 : 환경보건학과(환경보건전공), 2013. 2. 이기영.
- Personal exposure studies commonly use time–activity diaries and/or questionnaires to collect data on the study subjects activities and locations during monitoring period. However, these methods are heavily affected by the recall abilities and participation of subjects. Although the global positioning system (GPS) has been suggested as an alternative way to determine time–location patterns, its use has been limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new analytical method of classifying time–location data obtained by GPS. A field technician carried a GPS device while simulating various scripted activities and recorded all movements by minute in an activity diary. The GPS device recorded geological data once every 15 s. The daily monitoring was repeated 18 times. The time–location data obtained by GPS were compared with the activity diary to determine selection criteria for classification of the GPS data. The GPS data were classified into four microenvironments (residential indoors, other indoors, transit, and walking outdoors)
the selection criteria used were used number of satellites (used-NSAT), speed, and distance from residence. The GPS data were classified as indoors when the used-NSAT was below 9. Data classified as indoors were further classified as residential indoors when the distance from residence was less than 40 m
otherwise, they were classified as other indoors. Data classified as outdoors were further classified as being in transit when the speed exceeded 2.5 m/s
otherwise, they were classified as walking outdoors. The average simple percentage agreement between the time–location classifications and the activity diary was 84.3 ± 12.4%, and the kappa coefficient was 0.71. The average differences between the time diary and GPS results were 1.6 ± 2.3 h for time spent in residential indoors, 0.9 ± 1.7 h for time spent in other indoors, 0.4 ± 0.4 h for time spent in transit, and 0.8 ± 0.5 h for time spent walking outdoors. This method can be used to determine time-activity patterns in exposure-science studies.