S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
Stunted nexus between civil society and political opposition: A Study of Law on Associations and NGOs and its legislation process in Cambodia
캄보디아의 협회 및 NGO에 관한 법 및 입법과정 연구: 위축된 시민사회-정치사회간의 연계성
- 국제대학원 국제학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 국제학과, 2017. 2. 김태균.
- Cambodian civil society is facing threats to its survival and operations with states repressive law. The Law on Associations and Nongovernmental Organizations (LANGO) was passed in August 2015 and it prevents expansion of democratic space in Cambodia, thereby undermining further social, political, and economic development. As often referred to have been developed with a vibrant NGO sector, legislation process provokes questions on the inability of civil society advocacy to oppose the law. The thesis looks into Cambodian civil society and political opposition party to understand what caused the failure of reaching the goal: the withdrawal of LANGO. By drawing theoretical framework from state-society synergy, it argues that the absence of synergetic relations between the civil society and the party contributes to ineffective response to legislation. Findings from the analysis of the opposition party (Cambodian National Rescue Party) and of the civil society organizations, such as network CSOs and human rights organizations, suggest that there has been a lack of synergy. There are number of factors such as fragmentation within the civil society, which lead to reduced influence of advocacy and the weak political opposition vis-à-vis the ruling party, which has not prioritized the issue of LANGO in its political agenda.