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An Analysis of Government Reforms in Korea and Policy Implications for Laos

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Authors
랑시트
Advisor
권혁주
Major
행정대학원 행정학과
Issue Date
2013-08
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
Republic of KoreaReform/RestructuringPublic Organizational DevelopmentOrganization AnalysisTheoriesConceptsand Ideas in Public AdministrationGovernment of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 행정대학원 : 행정학과, 2013. 8. 권혁주.
Abstract
Since new theories, ideas and concepts on public service have introduced in first few countries, many countries also followed the trend integrating and developing the public service for their domestic administration. The new government that comes in makes various efforts to reform or change the policies of the previous government.

Due to various obstacles that might have to overcome, bringing about a reformation is not always easy to accomplish. Government reforms should be made or set up in all administrations through official agenda, linking it with other stakeholders, corporate sectors, financial institutions, and labor sectors.

Since its inception, South Korea has gradually stabilized into a liberal democracy and has seen substantial development in education, economy, and culture. Since the 1960s, the country has developed from one of the Asia's poorest to one of the world's wealthiest nations. In education, at the higher level, it has expanded dramatically. It is said to be one of the "Four Tigers" of rising Asian countries along with Singapore, Taiwan and Hong Kong.

There are many social conditions for a successful developmental state in Korea Republic, although, there is a basic have been overthrown of some parties to who didnt agree with some Presidents Administration, but the Republic of Korea under tenures of Presidents led Korea had one of the world's fastest-growing economies from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. South Korea has been still one of the fastest-growing developed countries from 2000s up to the present time.

Governance, or good government, or good governance perception during my study, which enabling those meaning from my basic notion, perception to the insight of good governance which by providing information on policies, strategies, best practices, innovations and use of technology for integrated, interoperable and transformed government services. Therefore, this research would like to focuses mainly on the public organizational development as a whole of governance perspective, including the government restructuring in each era of the Korea Republic and in comparison with Laos.

In order to support, deepen and strengthen the organizational development and ensure system improvement in public sectors, transformation through sustainable development is necessary. Sustainability in all three parts: environmental, economic and sociopolitical have to be accounted.

Thus, Lao Government should learn from history lessons and new lessons on organizational development and related public administration reforms successful countries like Korea have used. Some of the important lessons are: organization analysis, objective of an organization, criteria of selection, benefits to public, constituents of an organization, functioning processes of an organization and using tools and techniques for organizational analysis.

Good and bad lessons on organizational development from other countries can help develop our country alongside with socio-economic development based on the geographical, social and economic characteristics of the country.

That is essentially what organization development is: an educational strategy employing the widest possible means of experience-based behavior in order to achieve more and better organizations choices in a highly uncertain world.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/130025
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
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