S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
Patron-Client Politics and Governance System in Nepal
네팔의 후견주의 정치와 거버넌스에 관한 연구
- 행정대학원 행정학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 행정대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 행정대학원 : 행정학과(행정학 전공), 2015. 8. 고길곤.
- Patron-client relation not only entrenches informal governance system but also creates unauthorized transactions. This type of relation holds control over
policy decision and implementation process so that rules are applied with partiality and some citizens get preferential treatment. It encourages favouritism, nepotism, and other corrupt practices, which ultimately worsens the governance. This study aims to investigate the role and effect of patron-client relation in poor governance, corruption, and unfair civil service practice
in Nepal. By conducting a survey of N=273, the study examines and shows casual links between/among patrimonialism, clientelism, rent seeking behaviour, pork barrelling and budgeting, opaque procurement, poor governance, corruption, and unfair civil service practice. Patrimonialism, clientelism, opaque procurement, and rent seeking behaviour are found significant to predict poor governance. Likewise, opaque procurement and rent seeking behaviour are found significant to predict unfair civil service practice
and clientelism, opaque procurement, pork barrelling, and rent seeking behaviour are found significant to predict corruption. All the independent variables (significant at <0.1) are found having positive significant relations with the dependent variables. For example, if any of the
forms of patron-client relation- patrimonialism, clientelism, pork barrelling, rent seeking behaviour, or opaque procurement- increases then the governance
system becomes poorer, and vice versa.
The findings confirm that the form of patron client relation- patrimonialism, clientelism, opaque procurement, rent seeking behaviour, and pork barrelling-
has a greater impact on governance and civil service. They foster corruption, make the civil service practice unfair, distort the delivery of public services, and reverse the improvement in governance system. The study concludes that the patron-client relation worsens the governance system. Four out of five indicators of patron-client relation have positive .. value, and are significant (p <0.1). Therefore, it recommends the Government of Nepal to vitalize the formal governance system to make the state institutions, structures and laws more accountable and responsive to increase the level of public trust towards state institutions. Importantly, government needs to take immediate action
against the patronage relation to break the tie between the patron and their client.