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A Study on Effectiveness and Challenges of Implementation of Right to Information in Nepal: A Lesson Learnt from Acts on Disclosure of Information by Public Agencies, Korea

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dc.contributor.advisor김순은-
dc.contributor.author자야-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-19T07:43:49Z-
dc.date.available2017-07-19T07:43:49Z-
dc.date.issued2016-08-
dc.identifier.other000000136161-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/130217-
dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 행정대학원 : 행정학과 글로벌행정전공, 2016. 8. 김순은.-
dc.description.abstractThis research paper is a comparative study of different dimensions of Right to Information between Nepal and Korea. According to various indicators, regarding corruption, governance and socio-economy, produced by different international organizations, Nepals status seems very critical. These indicators clearly show the picture of integrity, transparency and application of rule of law, which are very weak and vulnerable in Nepal.
In the other hand even though Korea, still, is not recognized as a fully clean country regarding application of transparency and integrity, even if she has made a remarkable progress on this issue and far ahead compared to Nepal. Regarding openness, governance and transparency she is relatively more successful and therefore, of course there are many lessons to be learnt from the experience of policy implementation of Korea.
This research is focused on implementation part of Right to information policy, laws, strategies and cases of both countries. The research has also focused on comparing public officers knowledge, ideas and system of both countries. Effectiveness of public policy implementation also depends on information flowing system and peoples awareness in this regards. Analyzing global corruption index and its frameworks in a comparative manner are used here to analyze in order to find the causes of lesser effectiveness in Nepalese context. Also, this research analyzes the commonalities and differences between the two countries legal provisions including right to information related constitutional and legal provisions. It has focused on some key areas on how to strengthen the Nepalese provisions to consolidate rule of law, encourage integrity, adopt openness, and build transparency. The ultimate goal of this research is to suggest government of Nepal to implement and adopt openness by properly implementing the RIA as Korea has been practicing since her long struggle to democratization.
Transparency requirements that have been imposed across the last twenty years are now seen as less trustworthy, and, are apparently less trusted than they were before the requirements were introduced. How to develop trustworthiness in national system and national affairs is the vital concern of Nepal in this time.
There is no doubt about the requirement of transparency in public and professional systems. And corporate lives have been greatly increased in many parts of the world. Open government is also the guiding principle of freedom of information act, 2007, whose purpose is to make provision for disclosure of information held by public authorities or by person providing services. Government, corporations, and, their critics seemingly converge in seeing transparency as indispensable for accountability and good governance, for preventing corruption and improving performance, and for increasing trustworthiness and trust.
There is quite a large measure of consensus about the way that transparency is supposed to work. It is supposed to discipline the institutions and the office-holders by making information about their performance more public. Publicity is taken to deter corruption and poor performance, and to secure a basis for ensuring better performance and more trustworthy performance. Government needs to focus its activities on public awareness, civil service capacity building, adaptation of ICT, private sector whistling, and decentralization of policy approaches.
To enhance open, transparent and democratic governance in the country, the government of Nepal needs to come with the result based policy implementation system. The policy making process also should be open and transparent.
Finally, the research concludes with conceptual development which includes effective policy implementation tools for developing countries. For the effective policy implementation trust sides awareness, responsible sides capacity development, information management and institutional development are recommended as the basic tools. Not only Nepal, other developing countries also have the same problems of policy management
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dc.description.abstractso the conceptual development of this research would be helpful to think in this regard.-
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Historical and Political Background 1
1.1.1 Nepal a Brief Review 1
1.1.2 Republic of Korea a Brief Review 3
1.2 Background of the Study 7
1.2.1 Governance in Nepal 11
1.2.2 Governance in South Korea 14
1.2.3 Arguments against Freedom of Information (FOI) and Openness 18
1.2.4 Some Arguments in Favor of FOI and Open Government 19
1.2.5 Transparency and Right to Information 19
1.3 Research Questions 21
1.4 Objectives of the Study 21
1.5 Justification 22

Chapter 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS 28
2.1 Review of Comparative Legal Study 28
2.2 Right to Information Law 33
2.3 Approach to Study 47

Chapter 3 RESEARCH METHOD 48
3.1 Research Design 48
3.2 Data Plan 50
3.3 Population and Sample Selection and Framework 51
3.4 Sources of Data 52
3.5 Validity of Research 54
3.6 Methods of Interpretation and Analysis of Data 55

Chapter 4 ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 56
4.1 Empirical Studies 56
4.1.1 Understanding the Policy by the Public Officers 57
4.1.2 Effectiveness of Law 60
4.1.3 Procedure of Dissemination 61
4.1.4 Classification of Information 62
4.1.5 Tools Using to Disseminate Public Information 63
4.1.6 Training 64
4.1.7 Constrains to Implement Effectively 65
4.1.8 Challenges of Implementing RIA Effectively 67
4.1.9 Use of ICT, Digitalization of Information/Data/Record 69
4.1.10 Public Opinion 69
4.1.11 Public Awareness of the Service 71
4.1.12 Tools of Notifying General Information to the Clients 72
4.1.13 Comparison of Status Issues, Application and Finalized 73
4.1.14 Sector-wise Information Appeal 74
4.1.15 Appeal on Public and Private Concern Ratio 76
4.1.16 Transparency Perception Index 77
4.2 Observational Study 78
4.3 Comparison of Constitutional and Legal Provisions 80
4.3.1 Constitutional Provisions 80
4.3.2 Legal Provisions 83
4.4 Case study 88

Chapter 5 SUMMARY, FINDINGS AND POLICY RECOMMENDATION 107
5.1 Transparency and Right to Information 107
5.2 Findings 114
5.3 Policy Implication and Suggestions 119
5.4 Limitation of the Study 128
5.5 Conceptual Development 128

References 129

Appendixes 136

국문 초록 143
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dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.format.extent1419596 bytes-
dc.format.mediumapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisher서울대학교 행정대학원-
dc.subjectGovernance-
dc.subjectOpenness-
dc.subjectRight to Information-
dc.subjectTransparency-
dc.subjectInstitutional Development-
dc.subject.ddc350-
dc.titleA Study on Effectiveness and Challenges of Implementation of Right to Information in Nepal: A Lesson Learnt from Acts on Disclosure of Information by Public Agencies, Korea-
dc.typeThesis-
dc.description.degreeMaster-
dc.citation.pages145-
dc.contributor.affiliation행정대학원 행정학과-
dc.date.awarded2016-08-
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
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