S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
One-child policy in Mainland China
중국의 한 자녀 정책 변동에 관한 연구
- Jörg Michael Dostal
- 행정대학원 행정학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 행정학과, 2017. 2. Jörg Michael Dostal.
- The huge size of the Chinese population and the difficulties of feeding it have
directed Chinese governments attention to birth control, thus the one-child policy
came into being in 1980. By the end of 2015, this highly controversial population
policy was modified into a universal two-child policy. This paper will analyze the
one-child policy change using the advocacy coalition framework (ACF) to present
a new way in interpreting the policy changes in the Peoples Republic of China
The theoretical framework of the study is the ACF, which has been widely
used in analyzing policy change, and has been established to study intricate public
policy processes involving various actors. It was originally designed for analyze
policy change in democratic societies. But Chinas continuous reforming promotes
the applicability of the ACF at least in this one-child policy change case.
This paper will provide a general introduction also a historical review of the
one-child policy in mainland China in chapter 1. It then reviews the decision
making in China, the ACF and its applicability in this one-child policy case in
chapter 2. Chapter 3 advances the main part of this study. It employs the ACF to
interpret changes in the one-child policy of the last two stages. In chapter 4,
implications, and limitations of the current study, and some recommendations for
future study will be revealed.
Although there may exist some difficulties in using the ACF to interpret the
policy changes with regard to Chinas one-child policy due to political and social
differences，it is argued that the general policy changes in the one-child policy can
be explained as a competition between two main advocacy coalitions. This implies
that the ACF is applicable in applying the one-child policy case, and allows
providing a new way in understanding policy changes in mainland China.