S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Theses (Master's Degree_행정학과)
A Study of 'Innovation City' Project Implementation : '혁신도시' 정책 집행에 대한 연구
- Ahn, Kwang Youl
- Kim, Soon Eun
- 행정대학원 행정학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- Public agencies relocation ; Innovation City ; policy implementation ; policy process ; implementation factor
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 행정학과, 2017. 2. 김순은.
- The main purpose of this study is to scrutinize the factors
affecting the policy implementation by analyzing the implementing
process of Public Agencies Relocation and Innovation City
In 2005, Korean government determined to relocate central
administrative agencies, national institutions, and public entities,
concerning that polarization in the capital region and imbalance of
national territory had been an obstacle to the national sustainable
It selected 175 out of 346 public agencies that were located in
the capital region through Committee on Balanced National
Development deliberation. To accommodate the relocated public
agencies and institutes, Korea government determined to
construct 10 Innovation Cities throughout Korea.
This study discussed the factors that had influence on the
policy implementation in the phase of implementation of the
project. In particular, what was the most influential factors that
affected the enforcement of Innovation City project was major
focus of this research.
Through previous studies scrutiny and literature review, this
research classified the factors which are affecting policy
implementation as follows: 1) policy contents factors 2) policy
implementor factors 3) policy subjects factors 4) policy
First of all, to verify how the policy contents of the project
changed, sub-factors such as 'clarity of policy contents and its
consistency', 'desirability of the policy contents' were reviewed.
Innovation City project had been promoted clearly and
consistently to some extent in terms of a legal basis and
planning because Korean government enacted a series of acts
and plans from 2003.
Second, policy implementation factors refer to securing of
policy implementation means and resources, skills and attitudes of
implementors. Two main organization in Korea government,
Presidential Committee on Regional Development for the
deliberating and Public Agencies Relocation Office, were
undoubtedly enthusiastic and passionate because the project was
a presidential commitment.
Third, policy subjects factors are divided into political attitudes
and power of the policy target group and compliance of policy
target group. Though the government's policies related to
Innovation City has been replaced significantly, the number of
relocated public agencies and institutions did not change much.
This means that Policy implementor, Public Agencies Relocation
Office at the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport,
must have secured the compliance of relocated public agencies.
In short, the relocation project was consistent and able to
secure its implementation means and resources. Moreover, skill
and attitude of policy implementors, and policy target groups
were compliant to its policy implementation.
Finally, the policy environment factors refer to the support and
attitude of policymakers, the support of people and massmedia to
analyze the impact of implementation factors. As for the support
of policy-maker, however, it had been changed dramatically when
president Lee Myung-bak won the 2007 election in a landslide.
Lee Myung-bak government, which was officially launched in
February 2008, was committed to review the Innovative City
construction projects, suggesting that despite of astronomical
expenses, the effect of this project is uncertain.
In the context of Korea, whether the President is supportive or
not is the decisive factor for policy implementation. Some
scholar who study on President of South Korea describe this
phenomenon are the so-called 'imperial presidency'
After studying the process of innovation city project
implementation, it is undoubtful that president's support is
essential to the implementation of a policy in the context of