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A Corpus-based Study on Whom and Who in the Preposed PP

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.advisor손창용-
dc.contributor.author정수연-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-19T09:45:23Z-
dc.date.available2017-07-19T09:45:23Z-
dc.date.issued2017-02-
dc.identifier.other000000141553-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/131928-
dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 영어영문학과, 2017. 2. 손창용.-
dc.description.abstractPiles of researches covered the use of whom and who, and the differences between them. Most of them argued that not only in the subject position but also in positions that were originally thought of as whom-only areas, who seems to appear. Nevertheless, scholars such as Jespersen (1969), Sohn (1978), Quirk et al. (1985), Walsh and Walsh (1989), and Bauer (1994) claimed that there still exists an exclusive area for whom, and this is known to be a preposed PP. The term refers to a prepositional phrase that has been moved to the front from the following clause behind.
This paper searched for whom and who in the preposed PP from two big corpora (COHA and COCA spoken data), and compared them to see if whom was exclusively used in that position. It turned out that when used with a preposition, who (although not as many as whom) could be found to a certain extent. However, in the preposed PP, whom-only area, who was seldom used and even nonexistent in some prepositional phrase. The result was quite the contrary to that of whom and who found in the postverbal position. Here, who was used as equally as, or even more (with some verbs) than whom. In addition, from the data organized by genre, this paper could also find that whom itself triggers a formal register.
The possible explanation for such results is that the preposed PP has been a formal register throughout the history. The preposed PP was believed to be a more graceful and perspicuous expression. It has been perceived as more natural, formal, and grammatical than preposition stranding ever since the Middle English.
Accordingly, we can assume that in a formal register like the preposed PP, whom is exclusively used because it triggers a formal register, too. Based on those findings, this study concludes that the preposed PP is indeed an exclusive area for whom, and that whom would last, or at least, it would take a very long time for who to finally replace the place of whom in the preposed PP.
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dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Organization of the Study 3
Chapter 2. Previous Studies and Research Questions 4
2.1 Previous Studies 4
2.1.1 Controversy over Areas for Whom and Who 4
2.1.2 History of Whom and Who 6
2.1.3 Lee (2010)'s Study 9
2.2 Research Questions 11
Chapter 3. Data Analysis and Results 14
3.1 Data and Method 14
3.1.1 Data 14
3.1.1.1 Corpus of Historical American English (COHA) 15
3.1.1.2 Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) 15
3.1.2 Method 16
3.1.2.1 Preposition selection 16
3.1.2.2 Random sampling 17
3.2 Data Analysis 18
3.2.1 Preposition+Whom/Who in COHA 18
3.2.1.1 Preposed PP criterion 22
3.2.1.2 To/For/With+whom 24
3.2.1.3 To/For/With+who 28
3.2.2 Preposition+Who in COCA Spoken Data 36
3.2.2.1 To who 38
3.2.2.2 For who 40
3.2.2.3 With who 41
3.3 Summary 44
3.3.1 Summarized Results 44
3.3.2 Whom versus Who 46
Chapter 4. Discussions 51
4.1 Pied-piping and Preposition Stranding 52
4.2 Preposed PP and Formality 53
4.3 Other Hypotheses 58
Chapter 5. Conclusion 62
5.1 Summary 62
5.2 Limitations and Further Studies 63
Bibliography 65
국문초록 71
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dc.formatapplication/pdf-
dc.format.extent669955 bytes-
dc.format.mediumapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.subjectwhom-
dc.subjectwho-
dc.subjectpreposed PP-
dc.subjectsluicing-
dc.subjectPP in situ-
dc.subjectpreposition stranding-
dc.subjectpied-piping-
dc.subjectformal register-
dc.subject.ddc820-
dc.titleA Corpus-based Study on Whom and Who in the Preposed PP-
dc.typeThesis-
dc.description.degreeMaster-
dc.citation.pages72-
dc.contributor.affiliation인문대학 영어영문학과-
dc.date.awarded2017-02-
Appears in Collections:
College of Humanities (인문대학)English Language and Literature (영어영문학과)Theses (Master's Degree_영어영문학과)
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