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Diagnostic Performance of Resting and Hyperemic Invasive Physiologic Indices to Define Myocardial Ischemia: Validation with 13N-Ammonia Positron Emission Tomography
13N-Ammonia 양전자 방출 단층 촬영을 이용한 휴식기 및 부하기 침습적 생리학적 지표들의 심근 허혈 예측 능력 비교

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Authors
황도연
Advisor
구본권
Major
의과대학 임상의과학과
Issue Date
2017-02
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
coronary artery disease
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 임상의과학과, 2017. 2. 구본권.
Abstract
Introductions: Diagnostic performance of invasive physiologic indices was reported to be different according to the reference to define the presence of myocardial ischemia. Therefore, we sought to compare the diagnostic performance of fractional flow reserve (FFR), instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) and resting distal coronary artery pressure/aortic pressure (Pd/Pa) using 13N-ammonia positron emission tomography (PET).

Methods: A total of 115 consecutive patients with left anterior descending artery stenosis who underwent both 13N-ammonia PET and invasive physiologic measurement were included. Optimal cutoff values and diagnostic performance of FFR, iFR and resting Pd/Pa were assessed using PET-derived coronary flow reserve (CFR) and relative flow reserve (RFR) as a reference. To compare discrimination and reclassification ability, each index was compared with integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) and category-free net reclassification index (NRI).

Results: All invasive physiologic indices correlated with CFR and RFR (all p values<0.001). The overall diagnostic accuracies of FFR, iFR and resting Pd/Pa were not different for CFR<2.0 (FFR 69.6%, iFR 73.9% and resting Pd/Pa 70.4%) and RFR<0.75 (FFR 73.9%, iFR 71.3% and resting Pd/Pa 74.8%). Discrimination and reclassification abilities of invasive physiologic indices were comparable for CFR. For RFR, FFR showed better discrimination and reclassification ability than resting indices (relative IDI=1.332 and category-free NRI=0.971 for iFR
relative IDI=1.592 and category-free NRI=1.058 for resting Pd/Pa
all p values<0.001).

Conclusions: The diagnostic performance of invasive physiologic indices showed no differences in the prediction of myocardial ischemia defined by CFR. Using RFR as a reference, FFR showed a better discrimination and reclassification ability than resting indices.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/132489
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Clinical Medical Sciences (임상의과학과)Theses (Master's Degree_임상의과학과)
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