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Fluoroquinolone antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from swine feces in Korea

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Authors
허윤성
Advisor
박용호
Major
수의과대학 수의학과
Issue Date
2017-02
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
quinolonefluoroquinoloneantimicrobial resistanceEscherichia colipig
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 수의학과, 2017. 2. 박용호.
Abstract
In this study, the fluoroquinolone (FQ) resistance rate and mechanisms in FQ-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from swine fecal samples have been investigated. A total of 171 E. coli isolates were collected from 237 swine fecal samples (72.2%). Of these, 59 isolates (34.5%) were confirmed as FQ-resistant E. coli by the disk diffusion method. Of the FQ-resistant isolates, three major FQ-resistance mechanisms were investigated: i) amino acid substitutions in quinolone resistance-determining regions (QRDRs), ii) acquisition of plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistance genes (PMQRs
qnrA, qnrB, qnrS, qepA, and aac(6)-Ib-cr), and iii) increased efflux pump activity. All 59 ciprofloxacin (CIP)-resistant isolates had gyrA mutations (100%)
of these 59 isolates, 58 had mutations in parC (98.3%), 22 had mutations in parE (37.3%), and none had mutations in gyrB. The predominant mutation was Ser83Leu in gyrA, followed by Ser80Ile in parC, and Ser458Ala in parE. Nine isolates harbored PMQR genes, including qnrS (n = 7, 11.9%), qepA (n = 1, 1.7%), and aac(6)-Ib-cr (n = 1, 1.7%). Efflux pump activity was found in 56 isolates (94.9%). FQ-resistant E. coli had high minimum inhibitory concentrations against CIP, and most isolates were multidrug-resistant. Compared with previous studies in Korea, the prevalence of FQ resistance and PMQR genes had increased significantly in swine. Although the use of FQ as a feed additives is prohibited in Korea, use for self-treatment and therapeutic purposes has been increasing, which may be responsible for the higher FQ-resistance rate observed in this study. Therefore, prudent use of FQ in animal farms is needed to reduce the evolution of FQ-resistant bacteria in Korea.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/133773
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Theses (Master's Degree_수의학과)
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