전환기 몽골 사회의 연구(1990~현재) ― 몽골의 이슬람 ―
A Study of the Transition Period (1990~2015) in Mongolia– With special reference to Mongol Islam
- 유원수; 이평래
- Issue Date
- 중앙아시아연구, Vol.20 No.1, pp. 1-20
- 전환기 몽골 사회의 연구(1990~현재) ― 몽골의 이슬람 ―; 인문학; 전환기의 몽골; 이슬람; 카자흐; 호통; 우즈베크; 몽골; Mongolia during the transition period; Islam; Kazakhs; Khotons; Uzbeks; Mongols
- This paper is a part of a long term research project that describes the social, political, and economic experiences of the citizens of Mongolia in order to understand the Mongols and their society during the transition period of 1990~2015 better. The project also attempts to correctly predict the adaptation and maladjustment of future Korean citizens in a newly unified Korea. In this particular paper, special references are made to the present situation of Islam in Mongolia in general, as well as the experiences of the Muslim population during the transition period. Information about the Kazakhs, who constitute the absolute majority of the Muslim minorities in Mongolia, and their immigration to and from Mongolia, their geographic distribution in Mongolia, their feelings against the Mongol dominating society are mentioned, as well as the general feelings of the Mongols about their biggest minority co-citizens. Brief descriptions are also made about the history, geographic distribution, and present situation of the Hotons and Uzbeks, who are the second and third largest Muslim groups in Mongolia. Not only the previous scientific research done by Mongol and the international scholars, but also a variety of information from internet sources were analyzed and used for discussion. These sources included interviews provided by The Oral History of Twentieth Century Mongolia, a project of the University of Cambridge’s Mongolia and Inner Asia Unit of Division of Social Anthropology, articles and comments in the internet news media, and statistics from local and national governments. Suggestions was made for Kazakhs to make efforts to get understandings from Mongols about themselves and their culture including Islam, to take care the minorities of their Bayan-Olgii aimag, the Uriankhai, for example. Suggestions were also made for Mongols, the majority of the society to make efforts to find the nature of the problems and take practical measures to increase and improve mutual understanding and relationship.
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