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Nanostructured WC–Co Powders and Bulks via Integrated Mechanical/Thermal Activation and Liquid Phase Sintering
기계적/열적 활성화 및 액상 소결을 통한 WC 나노 분말 및 WC-Co 나노 복합체 제조

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Authors
박충권
Advisor
강신후
Major
공과대학 재료공학부
Issue Date
2017-08
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
NanostructureWC-VC-Cograin growth inhibitiontwinning in nanostructureHRTEM
Description
학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 공과대학 재료공학부, 2017. 8. 강신후.
Abstract
WC‒Co composites have been widely used as a cutting tools, saw blade, dies and valves in industrial fields where high hardness, toughness and wear resistant properties are required. Due to the strategic importance of the resources for WC‒Co composites, substantial research efforts have been directed towards the synthesis of WC nanopowder and nanostructured WC‒Co composites in order to enhance further their mechanical properties and lifetimes. Nonetheless, the specification of mass production type of WC‒Co composites is now limited to the average particle size of > 200 nm. In this thesis, we suggest a scalable production pathway for an extremely fine WC nanopowder (10.54 nm) and a genuine nanostructured WC‒Co composites (20~30 nm).
First, we systematically studied the mechanism for the reactions and growth of reactants during carbothermal reduction with the experimental and theoretical approaches. The results reveal that the finer the intermediates is, the faster the reactions, the lower the reaction temperature becomes. All the processes during carbothermal reduction are governed by the diffusion of constituent elements. Based on these findings, we successfully synthesized an extremely fine WC nanopowder with an average size of 10.54 nm with a standard deviation of 2.1 nm.
Second, we investigated the mechanism for the grain growth inhibition during liquid phase sintering, and suggest the possibilities for the production of nanostructured WC‒Co composites with an average grain size of 30 nm. By the addition of VC, an extremely unstable nanostructure of WC‒Co is found to have a significantly high thermal stability and an unusual microstructure. The nanostructure with carbide size less than 30 nm was retained for a long time (1h) up to 1300 ºC. The growth of WC in the system is limited by two-dimensional nucleation of WC on (V,W)C layer and consequent diffusion of W through the layer. The high thermodynamic stability of the nanostructure assures the realizable possibility of the mass production of a genuine nanostructured WC‒Co composites.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/136775
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering (재료공학부)Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._재료공학부)
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