Factors That Motivate Youth in Sport Participation: Examining the Emergence of Lifestyle Sports in Indonesia
청소년의 스포츠 참여 동기 요인에 관한 연구: 인도네시아의 스포츠 라이프 스타일을 중심으로

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dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 사범대학 체육교육과,글로벌스포츠매니지먼트전공, 2017. 8. 김기한.-
dc.description.abstractFactors That Motivate Youth
in Sport Participation:
Examining the Emergence of Lifestyle Sports
in Indonesia

Tara Talitha
Global Sport Management, Department of Physical Education
The Graduate School
Seoul National University

Indonesia, the 4th biggest population in the world, is blessed to have a large population of youth with 62.3 million
dc.description.abstractrespectively 40 percent youth in Southeast Asia is in Indonesia. Youth as the main segment of this study refers to the category of millennial Generation Z, with the age group 15 – 22years old. They value communality and idealism, the instant generation born in the era where the internet is well established. Therefore, in the context of trend adoption, such as music, fashion and including sports, they perceive some things are cool or fun when their peers and the internet confirm it.
This is how Lifestyle Sports, the term used by the researcher, fit into the picture. This term is quite recent in the academic literature. Belinda Wheaton(2004) is the scholar who coined the term. She defines lifestyle sports as the sports practiced mostly by young people in the postmodern setting, related to personal factors and lifestyle practices. The examples are
dc.description.abstractskateboarding, riding BMX, 3x3 basketball playing, parkour, running and many other new emerging sports based on lifestyle and social purposes.
This study is aiming to examine the emergence of Lifestyle Sports in Indonesia with two stages. The first stage is to find out what factors motivate youth to participate in lifestyle sports, conducted by survey. Researcher collected 518 samples comprising Gen Z youth from age group 15-24 years old in two cities
dc.description.abstractJakarta and Bandung.
The survey result analyzed by hierarchical linear model (HLM) showed that there are four significant variables for youth as the motivation factors to participate in lifestyle sports
dc.description.abstractself efficacy and fun & enjoyment as the intrinsic motivations. Social reward and friends & peers as the extrinsic motivations. Among all the four variables, Social Reward has the highest significant value of 99%. Social reward implies that when youth do certain activities, it should be proper or worthy to be posted in their social media.
The second stage is a follow-up of the previous finding, what the significance, implications and future opportunities of lifestyle sports are. Seven in-depth interviews of youth trendsetter, expert and sport academicians were conducted to explore their perspectives on this topic. The interview findings indicate that lifestyle sport is significant for youth since social reward and communality are naturally embedded in lifestyle sports, attributes that other conventional sports could not fulfill.
These elements are the reasons why youth fundamentally value lifestyle sports
dc.description.abstractby doing lifestyle sports, such as skateboarding or freestyle, they could have their self-branding and they could post it in their social media, earn the attribute by their peers, for example This is Abram, the freestyler or Febby, the skateboarder. It rewards them the feeling of significance and sense of belonging to their lifestyle sports community.
As an emerging trend, Lifestyle Sports will be in the long run
dc.description.abstractit has sustainable pattern of participation, unique characteristics and this trend will penetrate globally with the boost of multiplatform media in particular digital media and the international recognition, as well.
Keywords: Youth Sports, Motivation, Sport Participation, Lifestyle Sports
Student Number: 2015-22367
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1.Background 1
1.2. Objective 5
1.3. Significance 6
Chapter 2. Literature Review 8
2.1. Theories on Generation 9
2.2. Theories on Youth 10
2.3. Youth in Indonesia 13
2.4. Defining Lifestyle Sports 16
2.4.1. Basic Concept of Lifestyle Sports 18
2.4.2. Lifestyle Sports and Related Terms 19
2.4.3. Indigenous Characteristics of Lifestyle Sports 23
2.4.4. The Significance of Lifestyle Sport and Youth Participation 26
2.5. Youth Motivation to Sport Participation 29
2.5.1. Self-Efficacy 30
2.5.2. Enjoyment 31
2.5.3. Friends and Peers 33
2.6.Youth Motivation to Participate in Lifestyle Sport 38
2.6.1. Drawing Theories on Youth Sport Participation 40
2.6.2. Identifying Additional Factors 41
2.6.3. Measuring Lifestyle Sport Participation 42
2.7. Research Questions 43
Chapter 3. Method 44
3.1. Survey 45
3.1.1. Sample 45
3.1.2. Procedures and Measures 46
3.1.3. Analysis 47
3.1.4. Instrumentation 48
3.2. Interviews 49
3.2.1. Purpose of Interviews 49
3.2.2. Selection of Interviewees 51
3.2.3. Interview Guide for In-Depth Interview 51
3.2.4. Validating Interview Findings& Data Analysis 52
Chapter 4. Findings 53
4.1. Survey 53
4.1.1. Respondent Profiling for Survey 54
4.1.2. Reliability Analysis 58
4.1.3. Regression Result 59
4.2. Interviews 65
4.2.1. Respondent Profiling for In-depth Interview 65
4.2.2. In-depth Interview Findings 69
Chapter 5. Discussion 81
5.1 Summary of Study 82
5.2. Pattern of Trend in Youth as Generation Z 83
5.3. Youth Motivation to Lifestyle Sports 86
5.4. Significance of Lifestyle Sports 90
5.5. Implications of Lifestyle Sports 92
5.6. Future Opportunities of Lifestyle Sports 93
5.7. Summary of Finding 96
5.8. Importance of Study 97
5.9. Limitations and Recommendations for Future Research 99
References 101
Appendixes 109
국 문 초 록 119
dc.format.extent990311 bytes-
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.subjectYouth Sports-
dc.subjectSport Participation-
dc.subjectLifestyle Sports-
dc.titleFactors That Motivate Youth in Sport Participation: Examining the Emergence of Lifestyle Sports in Indonesia-
dc.title.alternative청소년의 스포츠 참여 동기 요인에 관한 연구: 인도네시아의 스포츠 라이프 스타일을 중심으로-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthorTara Talitha-
dc.contributor.affiliation사범대학 체육교육과,글로벌스포츠매니지먼트전공-
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College of Education (사범대학)Dept. of Physical Education (체육교육과)Theses (Master's Degree_체육교육과)
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