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Study on Confidential Birth and Safety Measures of Infants from Unmarried Mothers : 익명출산제도 및 미혼모 출생아 보호방안에 대한 고찰

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Authors
최예니
Advisor
김옥주
Major
의과대학 의학과
Issue Date
2017-08
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
baby boxanonymous birthsafe havenconfidential birthabandoned infant
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 의과대학 의학과, 2017. 8. 김옥주.
Abstract
In historical perspective, infant abandonment is not a new phenomenon. From ancient Greeks to biblical times, infant abandonment, regardless of its motivation, was always part of the society. Ever since foundling wheels resurfaced as the baby box, an anonymous relinquishment of infants at designated safe locations, they have stirred up ethical dilemmas wherever they were established. Despite the good intention of saving lives of infants from infanticide, rights of mothers who wish to remain anonymous and rights of children who wish to know their biological origins became conflicts of interest in many countries practicing one of many models of the baby box. In few countries, the baby box evolved into an anonymous birth and confidential birth systems. Although French remained fully supportive of mothers anonymity in respect to their private lives, Germans, on the other hand, brought forth the confidential birth system where the confidentiality of the mother is fully secured only until the child turns sixteen. After sixteen, the child is granted with a right to seek the court about his biological information. Safe Haven Acts of United States grants mothers immunity from persecution and anonymity only if infants are left unharmed. Japan, however, shares vast amount of similarities with the Koreas baby box in cultural and legal context. Therefore, by comparing historical, cultural, legal and ethical context of each country and various forms of safety net for the issues pertaining to infant abandonment, Koreas current baby box, and its relevant issues are thoroughly evaluated. Koreas Special Adoption Law, amended in 2012, is specifically examined in regards to the issue of increased infant abandonment rate. According to the study, it is evident that factors played in infant abandonment are non-uniform, but those who commit infant abandonment share certain characteristics. By achieving a manifestation of social marginalization on those who often commit infant abandonment, it is apparent that the active involvement of health care professionals followed by an introduction of confidential birth is vital for Korea to secure lives of relinquished infants.
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/137993
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)Theses (Master's Degree_의학과)
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