S-Space College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학) Brain and Cognitive Sciences (뇌인지과학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_뇌인지과학과)
The Rap activator Gef26 regulates synaptic growth and neuronal survival via inhibition of BMP signaling
- Heo, Keunjung; Nahm, Minyeop; Lee, Min-Jung; Kim, Young-Eun; Ki, Chang-Seok; Kim, Seung Hyun; Lee, Seungbok
- Issue Date
- BioMed Central
- Molecular Brain. 2017 Dec 28;10(1):62
- Drosophila; Gef26; Synaptic growth; Neurodegeneration; Endocytic regulation of BMP signaling
- In Drosophila, precise regulation of BMP signaling is essential for normal synaptic growth at the larval neuromuscular junction (NMJ) and neuronal survival in the adult brain. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying fine-tuning of BMP signaling in neurons remain poorly understood. We show that loss of the Drosophila PDZ guanine nucleotide exchange factor Gef26 significantly increases synaptic growth at the NMJ and enhances BMP signaling in motor neurons. We further show that Gef26 functions upstream of Rap1 in motor neurons to restrain synaptic growth. Synaptic overgrowth in gef26 or rap1 mutants requires BMP signaling, indicating that Gef26 and Rap1 regulate synaptic growth via inhibition of BMP signaling. We also show that Gef26 is involved in the endocytic downregulation of surface expression of the BMP receptors thickveins (Tkv) and wishful thinking (Wit). Finally, we demonstrate that loss of Gef26 also induces progressive brain neurodegeneration through Rap1- and BMP signaling-dependent mechanisms. Taken together, these results suggest that the Gef26-Rap1 signaling pathway regulates both synaptic growth and neuronal survival by controlling BMP signaling.