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The influence of small green space type and structure at the street level on urban heat island mitigation

Cited 154 time in Web of Science Cited 171 time in Scopus

Park, Jonghoon; Kim, Jun-Hyun; Lee, Dong Kun; Park, Chae Yeon; Jeong, Seung Gyu

Issue Date
Urban & Fischer Verlag
Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, Vol.21, pp.203-212
The purpose of this study was to determine the types and structures of small green spaces (SGs) that effectively reduce air temperature in urban blocks. Six highly developed blocks in Seoul, South Korea served as the research sites for this study. Air temperature was measured at the street level with mobile loggers on clear summer days from August to September in 2012. The measurements were repeated three times a day for three days. By analyzing the spatial characteristics, SGs within the six blocks were categorized into the four major types: polygonal, linear, single, and mixed. The result revealed that the polygonal and mixed types of SGs showed simple linear regression at a significant level (p < 0.01). It indicated that the blocks' urban heat island (UHI) mitigation (Delta T-Rmn) increased in a linear fashion when the area and volume of these two types of green spaces increased. The area and volume of a polygonal SG with mixed vegetation, over 300 m(2) and 2300 m(3), respectively, lowered the Delta T-Rmn by 1 degrees C; SG with an area and volume of larger than 650 m(2) and 5000 m(3), respectively, lowered the Delta T-Rmn by 2 degrees C. The results of this study will be useful to urban planners and designers for determine the types and structures of urban green spaces to optimize the cooling effect, as well as how such green spaces should be designed and distributed.
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