S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Industrial Engineering (산업공학과) Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._산업공학과)
Gen2 RFID 기반 폐쇄루프 공급망 관리 시스템에 관한 연구
Development of Gen2 RFID-based Closed-loop Supply Chain Management System
- 공과대학 산업·조선공학부
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- Product Recycling; Closed-loop Supply Chain; Product Lifecycle Management; Production Planning; RFID; Industrial Sustainability
- 학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 공과대학 산업·조선공학부, 2018. 2. 박진우.
- With the extended producer responsibility, which is a countermeasure for environmental problems such as resource depletion in manufacturing industries, responsibility of manufacturers who produce automotive, electrical and electronic equipment has been extended beyond production, retailing, to collection and recycling of the end-of-life products. Particularly in the case of recycling, a legal system has been introduced that enforces recycling at a certain rate or more on a mass basis. In this background, scope of the supply chain management also has been extended beyond forward process, which consists of sourcing, producing, and delivery, to reverse process. It is called closed-loop supply chain in terms of constantly using the resources that have been put into the manufacturing ecosystem. Proper operation of the closed-loop supply chain can maximize economic profit by value creation along with whole product lifecycle as well as complying with environmental legislation. However, chronic uncertainties of reverse process cause inefficiency in terms of overall performance of closed-loop supply chain. In terms of physical flow, the timing and quantity of end-of-life product return is difficult to predict. Moreover, recycling network is complex because there are many participants in reverse process. In terms of product lifecycle, residual values of returned products are all different due to the factors like usage environments, user behaviors, and so forth. Moreover, this problem becomes even worse at component level. Many research efforts have been proved that real-information gathering can solve this problem. In this context, a system framework that minimizes uncertainties and facilitates various positive effects along with the product lifecycle by using the internet-of-things including radio frequency identification (RFID) and sensors, will be proposed in this dissertation. Unlike the existing approaches that only tag products, component-level individual tagging that tags not only products but also components will be proposed for more detailed lifecycle information management. Especially, encoding the family relationships among the components, by using user memory that is provided by Gen2 RFID protocol, will be proposed to extract new contribution. Information system including RFID tag encoding scheme, will be designed to strictly comply with the established standards to ensure compatibility within the industries in the future. Additionally, potential effects will be examined. Real-time monitoring and maintenance (RMM) and counterfeit prevention scheme, which are intangible effects in terms of product service in the middle-of-life phase, will be introduced. Especially, sweeping scan approach to prevent structural counterfeits of products by using the family relations in the user memory, will be introduced. Also it will be shown that the proposed system is valuable for remanufacturing process streamlining and hybrid remanufacturing/manufacturing production planning with numerical studies.