S-Space College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학) Dept. of Forest Sciences (산림과학부) Theses (Master's Degree_산림과학부)
The Relationship Between Satisfaction and Travel Characteristics of International Tourists in Luang Prabang, Laos
- Kim seong-il
- 농업생명과학대학 산림과학부
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- Travel characteristics; Satisfaction; international tourists; Tourism; Luang Prabang; Lao PDR; Laos
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 농업생명과학대학 산림과학부, 2018. 2. Kim seong-il.
- The tourism development is growing rapidly in the world especially in developing countries. In Laos, tourism is the second most important industry, and provide significant revenue to the economy. To encourage the strategy, the Lao PDR started planning for developing and promoting various tourism destinations. Luang Prabang is one of the targets of tourism development based on the Lao national development plan due to the towns fame for its cultural and natural diversity. To increase tourists visitation of Luang Prabang, and to encourage the consumption of products and services, and increase repeated visits, the tourist satisfaction needs to be measured. Tourists' satisfaction is perceived as an assessment tool to evaluate travel experiences. Hence, the achievement of best tourists' satisfaction is essential for the succession and survival of the destination. High visitor satisfaction lead to positive promotion through word-of-mouth, and consequently to revisits, which ultimately affect the financial performance of suppliers associated with the tourism industry. Therefore, a comparative analysis of different type of tourists is required to better understand the importance of the markets with their different travel characteristic and satisfaction.
This study aims to gain a better understanding of satisfaction of nature and culture based tourist by examining their experiences. The difference between their satisfaction level and travel characteristics are needed more clarification analysis and compare. These also explore the direct impacts of the perceived experiences and individual characteristics and overall satisfaction. Such information can be very useful for planners to improve the attractiveness of the destination for the longer term. It should contribute to understand the relationships between international tourists characteristics, and their level of satisfaction. This can also help policymaking in formulating future strategies for tourist destination management, contributing to sustainable development, especially in Luang Prabang Province.
This research has two objectives: 1) to examine the relationship between socio-demographic aspects, travel characteristics of international tourists and the categories of tourist defined based on the most popular destinations
2) to examine whether there are differences in international tourist satisfaction levels based on different aspects of Luang Prabang tourism. The survey was conducted from April to September 2017 at three selected main points, Luang Prabang International airport
traditional-cultural tourist places
and natural tourist places. A total of 2,011 surveys were completed. This study employed descriptive statistics to analyze the demographic data. Chi-Square, t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to reveal the relationship among socio-demographic aspects of international tourists, and to examine international tourist satisfaction.
The result of the study shows that there is a difference in socio-demographic aspects and travel characteristics among the three types of tourists, namely the eco-tour tourists, cultural/historic tourists, and the tourists who like to visit eco-tour and cultural sites. Furthermore, the analysis of the satisfaction level of tourists shows that the eco-tourists are highly satisfied with accommodation standard, followed by tourism attraction. The cultural tourists show high satisfaction overall in most of the aspects measured. the eco-tour cultural visitors have higher satisfaction level in tourism attraction, accommodation, public safety and security, than other tourist types.