S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
From Backbone to Minimalization : Japan's Nuclear Trend in the Post-Fukushima era
후쿠시마 이후 일본의 원자력 발전 경향 및 에너지믹스 분석
- 국제대학원 국제학과(국제지역학전공)
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 국제대학원 국제학과(국제지역학전공), 2018. 8. 박철희.
- This thesis aims to contribute to further discussions on the future direction of energy policy in Japan by presenting an analysis of Japans energy mix in the post-Fukushima era from 2011 to 2016 and examining what changes have been made in national energy policies under the government led by three prime ministers
Kan Naoto (2010-2011), Noda Yoshihiko (2011-2012) and Shinzo Abe (2012-present). As the Fukushima accident came as a great shock to the whole nation, the Japanese government decided a radical shift from a nuclear-reliant society to a nuclear-free society. However the country soon faced with a huge cost of electricity shortfall with nuclear absence which resulted in a ballooning trade deficit due to a sharp increase in imported fuels. Experiencing the biggest trade deficits in the following years, Prime Minister Abe decided to use a nuclear card to revive the Japanese economy. Japans trade performance after restarting nuclear reactors in 2015 proves that the use of nuclear power is inevitable for the country to ensure a stable supply of inexpensive electricity for the time being. However strong oppositions to a nuclear return from the majority of the Japanese public have been contributing to a rather slow progress in restarting nuclear reactors for the past few years. Anti-nuclear sentiment will continue as long as painful memories of the catastrophic nuclear disaster at the Fukushima linger with the Japanese society. The Japanese government will continue to confront a long-term challenge to keep nuclear energy to a minimum, and at the same time, to meet electricity demands through enhanced energy security.