Underrepresentation of Women in Botswana Voluntary Sports Leadership
여성의 자발적 스포츠 리더쉽 자리의 과소평가: 보츠와나 여성의 경험 중심

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dc.description학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 사범대학 체육교육과,글로벌스포츠매니지먼트전공, 2018. 8. 박일혁.-
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the underrepresentation of women leaders in voluntary sport, by exploring perceptions of the women already in leadership positions within the Botswana national sports federations from a prejudice point of view. Limited research exists on the women in leadership phenomenon, especially from a prejudiced perspective. Data for this study was collected through telephone interviews from six women who have been involved in the national association committee leadership position. One half of the participants was made up of women who have been members of the national federation executive committee for a minimum of six months and the other half was made up of women who were currently serving in the position of an executive committee member in the national federation.

Role congruity theory was used as a theoretical model in an effort to explore the perceptions of women leaders volunteering in sports. Interviews were used to collect data and the questions covered the main research objectives on
dc.description.abstract(a) womens socialization into the sport through roles, (b) the consequences that have resulted in womens professional lives as volunteer leaders and (c) factors that influence their underrepresentation in sport leadership positions.

Underrepresentation of women in voluntary sports was perceived as a problem by all the six women interviewed. Several barriers were outlined by the participants including sports as a gentlemans club, patriarchal practices and balancing of professional jobs with volunteering and family life. The results of the study imply that Botswana is still lacking behind on women representation even though there are some policies that have been implemented to improve women participation in sports. There are still very few women who are in a position of power. Participants advised other women to network and create mentorship opportunities with other experienced women leaders in sports.

Keywords : Under-representation, Leadership, Women, Botswana, Voluntary sports
dc.description.tableofcontentsChapter 1. Introduction 1

1.1. Background of Study 1

1.2 Background on Botswana Sport Scene 8

1.3. Purpose of Study 11

1.4. Research questions 12

Chapter 2. Literature review 14

2.1 Women and Leadership in Corporations 14

2.2 Women and leadership in Africa 18

2.3. Women and Leadership in Botswana 21

2.4 History of Women and Leadership in Sport 23

2.5. Factors Influencing Women Underrepresentation in Sport 25

2.6 Leadership Discrimination Theories 32

2.6.1 Pipeline Theory 33

2.6.2 Social Limitation Theory 35

2.6.3 Role Congruity Theory 37

Chapter 3. Methodology 42

3.1 Research Method and Appropriateness 43

3.2 Participant Selection 44

3.3 Interview Strategies 44

3.4 Data Collection 45

3.5 Instrumentation 46

3.6 Analysis 47

3.7 Strategies for Validating Findings 47

Chapter 4. Findings 49

4.1 Theme 1: Botswana Women as Volunteer Sport leaders 59

4.2 Theme 2: Womens perceptions of the limitations in their advancement to higher voluntary sport leadership positions 64

4.3 Theme 5: Female volunteer leaders approach in overcoming prejudice associated with role incongruity in sport 76

Chapter 5. Discussion 87

5.1 Botswana Women as volunteer sport Leaders 88

5.2 Womens perceptions of limitations in their advancement to higher voluntary sport leadership positions 90

5.3 Female volunteer leaders approach in overcoming prejudice associated with role incongruity in sport 95

5.4 Conclusion 97

5.5 Implications for Research 99

초록 121
dc.publisher서울대학교 대학원-
dc.titleUnderrepresentation of Women in Botswana Voluntary Sports Leadership-
dc.title.alternative여성의 자발적 스포츠 리더쉽 자리의 과소평가: 보츠와나 여성의 경험 중심-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthorKealeboga Keitseng-
dc.contributor.affiliation사범대학 체육교육과,글로벌스포츠매니지먼트전공-
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College of Education (사범대학)Dept. of Physical Education (체육교육과)Theses (Master's Degree_체육교육과)
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