S-Space Graduate School of Environmental Studies (환경대학원) Dept. of Landscape Architecture (환경조경학과) Theses (Master's Degree_환경조경학과)
Unraveling the landscape of Ecuadorian pre-Columbian civilizations
콜럼버스가 미 대륙을 발견하기 이전의 에콰도르조경 규명
- Gabriela Renata Jaramillo De Mora
- Wybe Kuitert
- 환경대학원 환경조경학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 환경대학원 환경조경학과, 2018. 8. Wybe Kuitert.
- Natural features have had a strong influence on space creation since ancient times. Cultural and spiritual values are not less important
thus, places and the elements that composed the landscapes have functional and spiritual meanings that allow ancient settlements to take advantage of the natural features of the environment. In fact, among all Ecuadorian pre-Columbian cultures, the Manteño-Huancavilcas, maintained a prosperous and advanced civilization from 650 to 1532 A.C. Even though this culture was located along the coast of Ecuador in an ecosystem with hazardous conditions characterized by water scarcity, they were still able to survive and create a prosperous civilization based on agriculture and trade. However, their ancient knowledge and traditional practices were almost eradicated by the cultural alienation that came with colonization. Currently, archaeological reports provide limited and isolated information without any form of systematization. Historical reports are too general without any detailed comparison with the physical characteristics of the landscape, which makes it difficult to understand the relationship of this ancient civilization with its natural environment. Therefore, the present research is a pioneer transdisciplinary study that aims to reconstruct hypothetical pre-Columbian landscape conditions and provide a retrogressive approach on how the Manteños-Huancavilcas used the natural and physical conditions of their environment in daily life by merging historical, archeological and geographical evidence.
Keywords: Ethnoecology / archeology / landscape ecology / cultural landscapes / pre-Columbian landscape management