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Incorporating environmental variables as precursor background variables of the theory of planned behavior to predict quitting-related intentions: a comparative study between adult and young adult smokers

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dc.contributor.authorLee, Chung Gun-
dc.contributor.authorMiddlestadt, Susan E-
dc.contributor.authorSeo, Dong-Chul-
dc.contributor.authorLin, Hsien-Chang-
dc.contributor.authorMacy, Jonathan T-
dc.contributor.authorPark, Seiyeong-
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-07T04:24:55Z-
dc.date.available2019-03-07T13:26:19Z-
dc.date.issued2018-11-01-
dc.identifier.citationArchives of Public Health, 76(1):66ko_KR
dc.identifier.issn2049-3258-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/146882-
dc.description.abstractBackground
As previous studies suggest that the theory of planned behavior (TPB) is open to the inclusion of further predictors, identifying a number of additional background variables within the context of the TPB may help improve the predictive power of the theory. The purpose of this study is to incorporate environmental variables as precursor background variables of the TPB to predict quitting-related intentions.

Methods
This study consists of two sub-studies. Sub-study 1 and 2 analyzed different data sets and were conducted using the similar methodology for the comparison. A total of 395 Texas adult smokers (sub-study 1) and 379 university student smokers (sub-study 2) were analyzed using multiple structural equation modeling.

Results
The extent of agreement with regulating smoking in public places had positive indirect effects on intention to quit through subjective norm among both Texas adult smokers (β = 0.03, p < .01) and university students (β = 0.01, p < .05), and through attitude among Texas adult smokers only (β = 0.02, p < .01). The number of smokers among 5 closest friends had negative indirect effect on intention to take measures to quit through subjective norm among Texas adult smokers (β = − 0.02, p < .05).

Conclusions
The results of this study indicate that environmental variables need to be considered as precursor background variables of the TPB to predict quitting-related intentions.
ko_KR
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the National Cancer Institute [grant number:CA098342] and the Research Triangle Institute International [grant number:5–312-0210172].ko_KR
dc.language.isoenko_KR
dc.publisherBioMed Centralko_KR
dc.subjectTheory of planned behaviorko_KR
dc.subjectCigarette smokingko_KR
dc.subjectQuitting intentionko_KR
dc.subjectSubjective normko_KR
dc.subjectAdultsko_KR
dc.titleIncorporating environmental variables as precursor background variables of the theory of planned behavior to predict quitting-related intentions: a comparative study between adult and young adult smokersko_KR
dc.typeArticleko_KR
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor이충건-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor서동출-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor박세영-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s13690-018-0311-3-
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderThe Author(s).-
dc.date.updated2018-11-04T04:55:42Z-
Appears in Collections:
College of Education (사범대학)Dept. of Physical Education (체육교육과)Journal Papers (저널논문_체육교육과)
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