S-Space Researcher Institutes (연구소) American Studies Institute (미국학연구소) 미국학 미국학 Volume 40 Number 1/2 (2017)
집단 정체성 약화와 개인의 탄생: 『사일러스 라팜의 성공』에 나타난 하웰즈의 시대 인식
The Weakening of Collective Identity in the Birth of Modern Individuals: Howellsian Understanding of Social Reality in The Rise of Silas Lapham
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 미국학연구소
- 미국학, Vol.40 No.1, pp. 199-232
- The Rise of Silas Lapham; William Dean Howells; Individualism; National Identity; Post-bellum American Society
- William Dean Howells’s The Rise of Silas Lapham focuses on the meaning of collective identity breakdown in late nineteenth-century American society through the lens of the then rising individualism. As the traditional class identity lost much of its validity, people had to accommodate themselves to the different contexts in their own ways. The established common social values such as class and family ties were disintegrated while each individual had to survive in the turmoil of the burgeoning market economy. According to Howells, individuals can share the democratic experiences in the American soil which shape alternative common values to stick them together; the weakening collective identity is substituted for the individual identity coupled with the national identity. Such an Howellsian understanding of social reality is described in Silas Lapham.